Chlorophyll a might structure a community of potentially pathogenic culturable Vibrionaceae. Insights from a one-year study of water and mussels surveyed on the French Atlantic coast
|Author(s)||Deter Julie1, Lozach Solen1, Derrien Annick3, Veron Antoine2, Chollet Jaufrey1, Hervio-Heath Dominique1|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : IFREMER, Ctr Brest, Dept Environm Microbiol & Phycotoxines EXP, Microbiol Lab, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
2 : IFREMER, Ctr Nantes, EMP Lab Natl Reference Microbiol Coquillages, F-44311 Nantes 3, France.
3 : IFREMER, LERPC, Ctr La Rochelle, F-17137 Lhoumeau, France.
|Source||Environmental Microbiology Reports (1758-2229) (Wiley-blackwell Publishing, Inc), 2010-02 , Vol. 2 , N. 1 , P. 185-191|
|WOS© Times Cited||12|
|Abstract||The present study focused on the isolation of culturable bacteria from mussels and sea water to identify Vibrionaceae potentially pathogenic for humans. Three sites located on the French Atlantic coast were monitored monthly (twice each month during summer) for 1 year. Environmental parameters were surveyed (water temperature, salinity, turbidity, chlorophyll a) and bacteria were detected by culture and identified by API 20E(R) systems (BioMerieux) and PCR. A total of seven species were detected (Grimontia hollisae, Photobacterium damselae, Vibrio alginolyticus, V. cholerae, V. fluvialis, V. vulnificus and V. parahaemolyticus) and species diversity was higher at the end of summer. Surprisingly, V. cholerae non-O1/non-O139 was detected in spring. No site effect was detected. Using Sorensen similarity indices and statistical analyses, we showed that chlorophyll a had a significant influence on the bacterial community detected in mussels and assemblages were more similar to one another when chlorophyll a values were above 20 mu g l(-1). No significant effect of any parameter was found on the community detected in water samples. Such surveys are essential for the understanding of sanitary crises and detection of emerging pathogens.|