Black Sea "Lake" reservoir age evolution since the Last Glacial - Hydrologic and climatic implications

Chronologies of sediments that document the last glacial history of the Black Sea "Lake" are hampered by issues relating to reservoir age. Regulated by basin hydrology, reservoir ages represent a tool that could potentially be used to better understand the response of Black Sea "Lake" hydrology to climate change. Therefore, deciphering reservoir age evolution is crucial both for better constraining the basin chronological framework and for providing new insights into our understanding of Black Sea "Lake" hydrology. By tuning a meaningful new high-resolution geochemical dataset (obtained from core MD04-2790) to a climate reference record, here, we propose a reliable chronology spanning the last 32 kyr BP. The chronology is compared to a large AMS radiocarbon dataset (n = 51). Pairs of calendar and radiocarbon ages allowed us to compute reservoir ages, and to, then, reconstruct a high-resolution quantitative reservoir age record for the last glacial history of the Black Sea "Lake". The main factor controlling reservoir ages in lakes is the Hard Water Effect (HWE), which is regulated by basin hydrology. Therefore, changes in the reconstructed reservoir age record have been qualitatively interpreted in terms of the hydrologic responses of the Black Sea "Lake" to climate change. Our results allowed us to determine periods of complete isolation or outflow for the Black Sea "Lake". During Heinrich Event 2 (HE2) and during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) the basin was strictly isolated, whereas prior to HE2 and during HE1 it outflowed into the Marmara Sea. Following the onset of the Bralling-Allerod, factors other than the HWE are thought to have influenced the reservoir age, preventing conclusive interpretations. We also determined an undocumented, to date, phase of Black Sea "Lake" stratification during the full glacial (HE2 and LGM). Our results indicate that reservoir age is a powerful tool for investigating and better understanding past hydrologic changes in lakes and inland seas. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Black Sea, reservoir age, radiocarbon, Last Glacial, Last Deglaciation, paleoclimate

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Soulet Guillaume, Menot Guillemette, Garreta Vincent, Rostek Frauke, Zaragosi Sebastien, Lericolais Gilles, Bard Edouard (2011). Black Sea "Lake" reservoir age evolution since the Last Glacial - Hydrologic and climatic implications. Earth And Planetary Science Letters. 308 (1-2). 245-258.,

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