Observation and parameterization of small icebergs: Drifting breakwaters in the southern ocean

Type Article
Date 2011
Language English
Author(s) Ardhuin FabriceORCID1, Tournadre Jean1, Queffeulou Pierre1, Ardhuin FannyORCID1, Collard Fabrice2
Affiliation(s) 1 : Ifremer, Lab Oceanog Spatiale, Brest, France
2 : Collecte Localisat Satellites, Div Radar, Plouzane, France
Source Ocean Modelling (1463-5003) (Elsevier), 2011 , Vol. 39 , N. 3-4 , P. 405-410
DOI 10.1016/j.ocemod.2011.03.004
WOS© Times Cited 39
Abstract The variability of small-size iceberg distributions is revealed from a novel analysis of satellite altimeter data. A strong annual cycle is modulated by pulse-like events confined to single ocean basins, with dense iceberg populations in the South Atlantic in 2004-2005, and in the South Pacific in 2008. Anomalies in sea surface temperatures of the order of 1 degrees C may be related to the iceberg distribution. Icebergs also appear very strongly associated with anomalies in the heights of ocean waves. A preliminary parameterization of wave blocking by icebergs significantly reduces wave model errors in the region south of 45 degrees South, and has a perceptible influence on all the west coasts of the Southern hemisphere. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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