Underwater acoustics for ecosystem-based management: state of the science and proposals for ecosystem indicators
|Author(s)||Trenkel Verena1, Ressler Patrick H.2, Jech Mike3, Giannoulaki Marianna4, Taylor Chris5|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : IFREMER, F-44311 Nantes 3, France.
2 : Natl Marine Fisheries Serv, Alaska Fisheries Sci Ctr, NOAA, Seattle, WA 98115 USA.
3 : Natl Marine Fisheries Serv, NE Fisheries Sci Ctr, NOAA, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA.
4 : Hellen Ctr Marine Res, Inst Marine Biol Resources, Iraklion, Greece.
5 : Natl Ocean Serv, Ctr Coastal Fisheries & Habitat Res, Natl Ctr Coastal Ocean Sci, NOAA, Beaufort, NC 28557 USA.
|Source||Marine Ecology-progress Series (0171-8630) (Inter-research), 2011 , Vol. 442 , P. 285-301|
|WOS© Times Cited||50|
|Keyword(s)||Active acoustics, Indicators, Ecosystem-based management|
|Abstract||Ecosystem-based management (EBM) requires more extensive information than single-species management. Active underwater acoustic methods provide a means of collecting a wealth of ecosystem information with high space-time resolution. Worldwide fisheries institutes and agencies are carrying out regular acoustic surveys covering many marine shelf ecosystems, but these data are underutilized. In addition, more and more acoustic data collected by vessels of opportunity are becoming available. To encourage their use for EBM, we provide a brief introduction to acoustic and complementary data collection methods in the water column, and review current and potential contributions to monitoring population abundance and biomass, spatial distributions, and predator-prey relationships. Further development of acoustics-derived indicators is needed. We review and propose indicators for assessing and monitoring zooplankton, population dynamics of fish and other nekton, and changes in diversity and food-web functioning. Acoustic methods have the potential to make a strong contribution to EBM. Evaluation of new indicators and suitable reference points in different ecosystems are the current challenges.|