||Pham Dominique1, Charmantier Guy2, Wabete Nelly1, Boulo Viviane2, Broutoi Francis1, Mailliez Jean-Rene1, Peignon Jean-Marie1, Charmantier-Daures Mireille2
||1 : Lab Environm & Aquaculture Durable, Ifremer, Boulouparis, France.
2 : Univ Montpellier 2, IRD, CNRS, Equipe Adaptat Ecophysiol & Ontogenese,UMR 5119, F-34095 Montpellier 05, France.
||Aquaculture (0044-8486) (Elsevier Science Bv), 2012-09 , Vol. 362-363 , P. 10-17
|WOS© Times Cited
||Penaeid, Litopenaeus stylirostris, Ontogeny, Osmoregulation, Growth
||The ontogeny of osmoregulationwas investigated in Litopenaeus stylirostris by studying salinity tolerance and osmoregulatory capacity. Shrimp at different larval and postlarval stages were exposed to various salinities and survival was monitored for 24 h. Survival rates exceeded 80% at salinity over 25 ppt (750 mOsm.kg(-1)) at all the stages. At salinities below to 25 ppt, salinity tolerance was higher in nauplii and zoeae than in mysis larvae. Postlarval stages were able to withstand lower salinities, e.g. 6.0 ppt (176 mOsm.kg(-1)) at PL9 stage, but they were more sensitive than larvae to salinities over 35 ppt (1035 mOsm.kg(-1)). Zoea and mysis larvae slightly hyper-regulated at all tested salinities. After metamorphosis, postlarvae progressively acquired the adult pattern of hyper-hypo-osmoregulation: At PL9, the estimated isosmotic salinity was 24.5 ppt (720 mOsm.kg(-1)); below and over this salinity, animals hyper-regulated and hypo-regulated, respectively. Finally, we determine the effects of lowering salinity at different animal development stages. We conclude that seawater salinity (35 ppt) is optimum during larval stages; but for postlarval stages, lowering salinity at 27 ppt leads to a better growth in 19 days compared to those maintained at 35 ppt (1.07 mg vs 0.47 mg). These results are in agreement with penaeid natural life cycle during which larvae are released in oceanic water while juveniles live in coastal areas where salinity is more fluctuant. (c) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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