Estimation of the diffuse attenuation coefficient K-dPAR using MERIS and application to seabed habitat mapping
|Author(s)||Saulquin Bertrand1, Hamdi Anouar2, Gohin Francis3, Populus Jacques3, Mangin Antoine1, D'Andon Odile Fanton1|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : ACRI ST, Sophia Antipolis, France.
2 : Inst Milieux Aquat, Bayonne, France.
3 : IFREMER, Brest, France.
|Source||Remote Sensing Of Environment (0034-4257) (Elsevier Science Inc), 2013-01 , Vol. 128 , P. 224-233|
|WOS© Times Cited||47|
|Keyword(s)||Ocean color, Light attenuation, Photosynthetic available radiation, Euphotic depth, Seabed mapping|
|Abstract||The availability of light in the water column and at the seabed determines the euphotic zone and constrains the type and the vertical distribution of algae species. Light attenuation is traditionally quantified as the diffuse attenuation coefficient of the downwelling spectral irradiance atwavelength 490 nm(Kd490) or the photosynthetically available radiation (KdPAR). Satellite observations provide global coverage of these parameters at high spatial and temporal resolution and several empirical and semi-analytical models are commonly used to derive Kd490 and KdPAR maps from ocean colour satellite sensors. Most of these existing empirical or semi-analytical models have been calibrated in open ocean waters and performwell in these regions, but tend to underestimate the attenuation of light in coastal waters, where the backscattering caused by the suspended matters and the absorption by the dissolved organic matters increase light attenuation in the water column.
We investigate two relationships between KdPAR and Kd490 for clear and turbid waters usingMERIS reflectances and the spectral diffuse attenuation coefficient Kd(λ) developed by Lee (2005). Satellite-derived fields of Kd490 and modelled KdPAR are evaluated using coincident in-situ data collected over the world in both clear and turbid waters, and by using Ecolight simulations. Temporal means at 250 mresolution of KdPAR and euphotic depth were computed over the period 2005–2009 for European coastal waters. These mean data were cross-tabulated with in-situ data of kelp (Laminaria hyperborea) and seagrass (Posidonia oceanica), respectively observed at locations on Atlantic and Mediterranean shores where the light is taken as the limiting factor to the depth distribution for these species. The minima observed for P. oceanica, in percent of energy, are very close to 1% of surface irradiance, the historical threshold known as euphotic depth as defined by Ryther (1956). Real estimates of the surface irradiance (Frouin, 1989) are used in conjunction with the estimated KdPAR to calculate the residual energy at the lower limit of P. oceanica and L. hyperborea in mol·photons·m−2·day−1 as a complement to the usual fraction of the surface energy. We show that the observed values, in terms of energy, for both species were equivalent to the values reported in the literature.