Decadal evolution of carbon sink within a strong bloom area in the subantarctic zone

Type Article
Date 2011-12
Language English
Author(s) Lourantou Anna1, Metzl Nicolas1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Paris 06, CNRS, LOCEAN, IPSL, F-75252 Paris 05, France.
Source Geophysical Research Letters (0094-8276) (Amer Geophysical Union), 2011-12 , Vol. 38 , P. -
DOI 10.1029/2011GL049614
WOS© Times Cited 10
Keyword(s) Kerguelen, air-sea CO2 fluxes, carbon cycle, frontal region, island mass effect, subantarctic zone
Abstract The fate of the Southern Ocean atmospheric CO(2) sink is under question. Here we assess seasonal to decadal changes of surface fCO(2) within an extended sink area along the track between Kerguelen and Amsterdam islands in the subantarctic zone. Data from 17 oceanographic cruises were used, from 1991 to 2011 and two distinct regions were examined, separated by the Subantarctic Front (SAF). The region south of the SAF displays a strong summer phytoplankton bloom of up to -28 mmol C m(-2) d(-1) within a calm area, constrained by physics and topography. On an annual basis, this region is a 6-fold more important sink than that deduced from Takahashi climatology, highlighting the importance of key-areas separate examination before proceeding to spatial integration. Our data point towards a decadal decline of the CO(2) sink in the Southern part of the SAF, most probably due to both warming and less Fe input to surface waters from reduced water mixing. Citation: Lourantou, A., and N. Metzl (2011), Decadal evolution of carbon sink within a strong bloom area in the subantarctic zone, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L23608, doi: 10.1029/2011GL049614.
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