First Insight into Exploration and Cognition in Wild Caught and Domesticated Sea Bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) in a Maze

Type Article
Date 2013-06
Language English
Author(s) Benhaim David1, Begout Marie-LaureORCID2, Lucas Gael1, Chatain Beatrice3
Affiliation(s) 1 : INTECHMER CNAM, LERMA, Cherbourg, France.
2 : IFREMER, Lab Ressources Halieut, Lhoumeau, France.
3 : Stn Expt Aquaculture Ifremer, Lab Rech Piscicole Mediterrane, Palavas Les Flots, France.
Source Plos One (1932-6203) (Public Library Science), 2013-06 , Vol. 8 , N. 6 , P. e65872
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0065872
WOS© Times Cited 16
Abstract European sea bass aquaculture is so recent that very little is known on the effects of the early steps of its domestication. Behavioural parameters are sensitive indicators of the domestication process since they are generally impacted as soon as the first generation. The present work compared wild-caught and domesticated sea bass juvenile swimming activity, exploration and ability to learn to discriminate between two 2-D objects associated to a simple spatial task that enabled the tested individual to visually interact with an unfamiliar congener (the reward) located behind a transparent wall at the end of one of the two arms of a maze. Ten fish from each origin were individually tested 3 times in a row during 3 days (9 trials in total). Fish were placed in a start box closed by a transparent wall located in front of two 2-D objects. Fish were filmed during 10 min after the removal of the start box wall. Different swimming variables including angular velocity, total distance travelled and velocity mean, were analyzed from videos as well as the time spent in each of 6 virtual zones including the reward zone near the congener (Cong) and the zone opposite to the reward zone (OpCong). Two learning criteria were chosen: the number of successful turns and time to reach Cong. Behavioural differences were found between domesticated and wild fish. Angular velocity was higher in wild fish while the distance travelled and the velocity mean were higher in domesticated ones. Wild and domesticated fish spent most of the time in Cong and in OpCong. No differences were seen in learning ability between wild and domesticated fish. However, our findings for learning require confirmation by further studies with larger numbers of learning sessions and experiments designed to minimise stress. This study therefore demonstrated an impact of domestication on swimming behaviour but not on spatial learning.
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