Impact of the winter North-Atlantic weather regimes on subtropical sea-surface height variability

Type Article
Date 2013-09
Language English
Author(s) Barrier Nicolas1, Treguier Anne-Marie1, Cassou Christophe2, Deshayes Julie1
Affiliation(s) 1 : CNRS Ifremer UBO IRD, Lab Phys Oceans, UMR 6523, Brest, France.
2 : CNRS Cerfacs, Toulouse, France.
Source Climate Dynamics (0930-7575) (Springer), 2013-09 , Vol. 41 , N. 5-6 , P. 1159-1171
DOI 10.1007/s00382-012-1578-7
WOS© Times Cited 12
Abstract Interannual variability of subtropical sea-surface-height (SSH) anomalies, estimated by satellite and tide-gauge data, is investigated in relation to wintertime daily North-Atlantic weather regimes. Sea-level anomalies can be viewed as proxies for the subtropical gyre intensity because of the intrinsic baroclinic structure of the circulation. Our results show that the strongest correlation between SSH and weather regimes is found with the so-called Atlantic-Ridge (AR) while no significant values are obtained for the other regimes, including those related to the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), known as the primary actor of the Atlantic dynamics. Wintertime AR events are characterized by anticyclonic wind anomalies off Europe leading to a northward shift of the climatological wind-stress curl. The latter affects subtropical SSH annual variability by altered Sverdrup balance and ocean Rossby wave dynamics propagating westward from the African coast towards the Caribbean. The use of a simple linear planetary geostrophic model allows to quantify those effects and confirms the primary importance of the winter season to explain the largest part of SSH interannual variability in the Atlantic subtropical gyre. Our results open new perspectives in the comprehension of North-Atlantic Ocean variability emphasizing the role of AR as a driver of interannual variability at least of comparable importance to NAO.
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