Sustainability of tropical small-scale fisheries: Integrated assessment in French Guiana

Type Article
Date 2014-02
Language English
Author(s) Cisse Abdoul1, 2, Blanchard FabianORCID1, Guyader OlivierORCID3
Affiliation(s) 1 : IFREMER, Cayenne 97331, French Guiana.
2 : Univ French West Indies & French Guiana, CEREGMIA, Cayenne 97326, French Guiana.
3 : IFREMER, Dept Econ Maritime, UMR AMURE, Ctr Brest, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
Source Marine Policy (0308-597X) (Elsevier Sci Ltd), 2014-02 , Vol. 44 , P. 397-405
DOI 10.1016/j.marpol.2013.10.003
WOS© Times Cited 19
Keyword(s) French Guiana, Small scale fishery, Sustainability, Rapfish, Ecosystem approach
Abstract Like many tropical small-scale fisheries, the French Guiana coastal fishery is characterized by the high fish biodiversity of its ecosystem, the weak selectivity of the fleets exploiting the resources, and the heterogeneity of the vessels in terms of size and fishing techniques. The Rapfish method is used to assess sustainability within 11 fishery systems by means of 27 attributes relating to ecological, economic, social, and technological fields. Overall results indicate an average performance in the weak sustainability range. Comparisons made among the FSs show a gradient of sustainability performance from the western portion of the coast to the eastern portion. Several recommendations are formulated to raise the current “sustainability” status, such as the reduction of discards. This study is used as a complementary tool to the bioeconomic model in order to define a sustainable management plan for the French Guiana coastal fishery.
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