Bivalve aquaculture transfers in Atlantic Europe. Part B: Environmental impacts of transfer activities
|Author(s)||Brenner M.1, Fraser Duncan2, Van Nieuwenhove K.3, O'Beirn F.4, Buck B. H.1, 5, Mazurie Joseph6, Thorarinsdottir G.7, Dolmer P.8, Sanchez-Mata A.9, Strand O.10, Flimlin G.11, Miossec Laurence12, Kamermans P.13|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Alfred Wegener Inst Helmholtz Ctr Polar & Marine, D-27570 Bremerhaven, Germany.
2 : Fisheries Res Serv, Marine Lab, Aberdeen AB11 9DB, Scotland.
3 : Inst Agr & Fisheries Res ILVO, B-8400 Oostende, Belgium.
4 : Inst Marine, Galway, Ireland.
5 : Univ Appl Sci, D-27568 Bremerhaven, Germany.
6 : French Res Inst Exploitat Sea IFREMER, F-56470 La Trinite Sur Mer, France.
7 : Marine Res Inst, IS-121 Reykjavik, Iceland.
8 : Tech Univ Denmark, Natl Inst Aquat Resources DTU Aqua, DK-2920 Charlottenlund, Denmark.
9 : Ctr Marine Res CIMA, Vilanova De Arousa 36620, Spain.
10 : Inst Marine Res, N-5817 Bergen, Norway.
11 : Rutgers Cooperat Extens, Toms River, NJ 08755 USA.
12 : French Res Inst Exploitat Sea IFREMER, Dept Data Dev Integrated Management & Surveillanc, F-44311 Nantes 03, France.
13 : Inst Marine Resources & Ecosystem Studies IMARES, NL-4400 AB Yerseke, Netherlands.
|Source||Ocean & Coastal Management (0964-5691) (Elsevier Sci Ltd), 2014-03 , Vol. 89 , P. 139-146|
|WOS© Times Cited||27|
|Abstract||For centuries human populations have moved live shellfish around the world for consumption or aquaculture purposes; being relayed from their area of origin for growout or sale. This is in contrast to the inadvertent anthropogenic spreading of species via e.g. ballast waters. There are inherent risks associated with transfer of shellfish including introducing of alien species, diseases, pests, bacteria and viruses associated with the translocated species in addition to the potential impact on genetic integrity and biodiversity of local stocks. Many examples of severe ecological impacts have been documented worldwide owing to the intentional or unintentional translocation of animals. It is therefore important to develop risk reduction methods which have not yet been documented to be incorporated into current fish health or environmental legislation. This part of the study describes the impacts of transfer activities of cultured bivalve shellfish along the European Atlantic coast; identifies hitch hiker species, fouling organisms or infectious agents which can be translocated with a target species. Further, the study highlights the need for thorough, standard risk reduction measures designed to minimise the impact on ecosystems worldwide. In a companion paper details of actual transfer activities in Atlantic Europe are presented and all levels of legislation dealing with transfer activities on a global, regional and national scale are carefully reviewed.|