First links between self-feeding behaviour and personality traits in European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax

Type Article
Date 2014-12
Language English
Author(s) Ferrari Sebastien1, 4, Benhaim David3, Colchen Tatiana1, Chatain Beatrice2, 4, Begout Marie-LaureORCID1
Affiliation(s) 1 : IFREMER, F-17137 Lhoumeau, La Rochelle, France.
2 : IFREMER, Stn Expt Aquaculture, Lab Rech Piscicole Mediterranee, F-34250 Palavas Les Flots, France.
3 : Cnam Intechmer, F-50103 Cherbourg, France.
4 : Ifremer Cirad, UMR INTREPID 110, F-34000 Montpellier, France.
Source Applied Animal Behaviour Science (0168-1591) (Elsevier Science Bv), 2014-12 , Vol. 161 , P. 131-141
DOI 10.1016/j.applanim.2014.09.019
WOS© Times Cited 21
Keyword(s) Behaviour, Boldness, Foraging, Open field test, Restraint test, Teleost
Abstract Most studies carried out with seabass under self-feeding conditions report an intriguing social structure that is built around the device and the food dispenser with three coexisting triggering categories: high-triggering (HT), low-triggering (LT) and zero-triggering (ZT) fish. However, neither sex nor feeding motivation or hierarchy can explain the establishment of this specialization. We characterised the personality of seabass with the commonly used restraint and open field tests and assessed the link between personality traits and individual triggering activity towards the self-feeder apparatus. We found no differences between triggering categories during the restraint test but high triggering fish were characterised as shyer than low- and zero-triggering fish during the open field test. Triggering activity was negatively correlated with exploratory capacities and boldness. This experiment provides for the first time evidence that high triggering status in seabass is correlated with personality traits, which could partly explain the social structure that builds around a self-feeder device.
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