Seismic imaging of the eastern Algerian margin off Jijel: integrating wide-angle seismic modelling and multichannel seismic pre-stack depth migration
|Author(s)||Mihoubi A.1, Schnurle Philippe2, Benaissa Z.3, Badsi M.1, Bracene R.1, Djelit H.4, Geli Louis2, Sage F.5, Agoudjil A.1, Klingelhoefer Frauke2|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Algerian Natl Oil Co, Sonatrach Explorat, Algiers, Algeria.
2 : Institut français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer, France
3 : USTHB, Fac Sci Terre, Algiers, Algeria.
4 : CRAAG, Bouzareah, Algeria.
5 : Univ Nice Sophia Antipolis, Univ Paris 06, Observ Cote Azur, IRD,CNRS,Geoazur,UMR F7329, Nice, France.
|Source||Geophysical Journal International (0956-540X) (Oxford Univ Press), 2014-09 , Vol. 198 , N. 3 , P. 1486-1503|
|WOS© Times Cited||20|
|Keyword(s)||Tomography, Continental margins: divergent, Africa|
|Abstract||This study presents the results of a deep seismic survey across the north Algerian margin, based on the combination of 2-D multichannel and wide-angle seismic data simultaneously recorded by 41 ocean bottom seismometers deployed along a north-south line extending 180 km off Jijel into the Algerian offshore basin, and 25 land stations deployed along a 100-km-long line, cutting through the Lesser Kabylia and the Tellian thrust-belt. The final model obtained using forward modelling of the wide-angle data and pre-stack depth migration of the seismic reflection data provides an unprecedented view of the sedimentary and crustal structure of the margin. The sedimentary layers in the Algerian basin are 3.75 km thick to the north and up to 4.5-5 km thick at the foot of the margin. They are characterized by seismic velocities from 1.9 to 3.8 km s(-1). Messinian salt formations are about 1 km thick in the study area, and are modelled and imaged using a velocity between 3.7 and 3.8 km s(-1). The crust in the deep sea basin is about 4.5 km thick and of oceanic origin, presenting two distinct layers with a high gradient upper crust (4.7-6.1 km s(-1)) and a low gradient lower crust (6.2-7.1 km s(-1)). The upper-mantle velocity is constrained to 7.9 km s(-1). The ocean-continent transition zone is very narrow between 15 and 20 km wide. The continental crust reaches 25 km thickness as imaged from the most landward station and thins to 5 km over a less than 70 km distance. The continental crust presents steep and asymmetric upper- and lower-crustal geometry, possibly due to either asymmetric rifting of the margin, an underplated body, or flow of lower crustal material towards the ocean basin. Present-time deformation, as imaged from three additional seismic profiles, is characterized by an interplay of gravity-driven mobile-salt creep and active thrusting at the foot of the tectonically inverted Algerian margin.|