New insights into the origin and distribution of the DUPAL isotope anomaly in the Indian Ocean mantle from MORB of the Southwest Indian Ridge

Type Article
Date 2005-11-10
Language English
Author(s) Meyzen Cm1, Ludden Jn2, Humler E2, Luais B3, Toplis Mj4, Mevel C2, Storey M5
Affiliation(s) 1 : Danish Lithosphere Ctr, DK-1350 Copenhagen, Denmark.
2 : Inst Phys Globe, Lab Geosci Marines, F-75251 Paris, France.
3 : CNRS, Ctr Rech Petrog & Geochim, UPR 2300, F-54501 Vandoeuvre Les Nancy, France.
4 : Observ Midi Pyrenees, UMR 5562, F-31400 Toulouse, France.
5 : Roskilde Univ, Quaternary Dating Lab, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark.
Source Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems (1525-2027) (Amer Geophysical Union), 2005-11-10 , Vol. 6 , N. 11 , P. 1-34
DOI 10.1029/2005GC000979
WOS© Times Cited 123
Keyword(s) Southwest Indian Ridge, MORB, isotopes, Indian Ocean, lower crust, mantle
Abstract We report new Sr, Nd, and Pb isotope data for Mid-Ocean Ridge Basalts (MORB) dredged between 35 and 69 degrees E along a similar to 4100 km section of the Southwest Indian Ridge (SWIR), which is one of the slowest spreading ridges of the global mid-ocean ridge system ( full rate of 16 mm yr(-1)). The SWIR appears isotopically more heterogeneous than other mid-ocean ridges over similar length scales and comparable sampling density. Isotopic variations are generally independent of ridge segmentation, and the degree of heterogeneity decreases from west to east. This decrease in heterogeneity correlates with the observed increase in axial depth and decrease in crustal thickness, commonly attributed to decreasing mantle potential temperature. Data for the easternmost SWIR in the vicinity of the Indian Triple Junction confirm that these lavas are isotopically distinct from those of the Triple Junction, the Southeast Indian Ridge, and the Central Indian Ridge, reflecting the presence of an isotopic boundary over an along-axis distance of less than 78 km. Results for lavas from the 39 - 41 degrees E section extend the isotopic range of MORB to the lowest Pb-206/Pb-204 values (to 16.58) yet found among oceanic islands and spreading centers worldwide and confirm their extremely anomalously high Sr-87/Sr-86, Pb-207/Pb-204, and Pb-208/Pb-204 and low Nd-143/Nd-144. This extreme Indian signature does not bear any isotopic affinities with recent products of the nearby Marion hot spot. Furthermore, the presence of old subducted marine sediment as a source for the low Pb-206/Pb-204 component is excluded, as no sediment group has the appropriate parent-daughter Th/ Pb and U/Pb characteristics to yield such compositions, not even when dewatering subduction processes are considered. Incorporation of old subduction-modified mantle into the MORB source does not yield high enough Pb-207/Pb-204 and Pb-208/Pb-204 to explain the features of lavas from the 39 - 41 degrees E section. The unusual isotopic attributes of this section (low Pb-206/Pb-204 and Nd-143/Nd-144 and high Sr-87/Sr-86, Pb-207/Pb-204, and Pb-208/Pb-204) are best explained by the presence of stranded lower continental crust embedded in the upper mantle. This component is also inferred to be present in MORB from other spreading centers in the Indian Ocean.
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Meyzen Cm, Ludden Jn, Humler E, Luais B, Toplis Mj, Mevel C, Storey M (2005). New insights into the origin and distribution of the DUPAL isotope anomaly in the Indian Ocean mantle from MORB of the Southwest Indian Ridge. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 6(11), 1-34. Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :