Deep-dwelling foraminifera as thermocline temperature recorders

Type Article
Date 2007-04-25
Language English
Author(s) Cleroux Caroline1, Cortijo Elsa1, Duplessy Jean-Claude1, Zahn Rainer2, 3
Affiliation(s) 1 : IPSL, Lab Sci Climat & Environm, Lab Mixte, CEA CNRS UVSQ, F-91198 Gif Sur Yvette, France.
2 : ICREA, E-08193 Bellaterra, Cerdanyola, Spain.
3 : Univ Autonoma Barcelona, Inst Ciencia & Tecnol Ambientals, E-08193 Bellaterra, Cerdanyola, Spain.
Source Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems (1525-2027) (Amer Geophysical Union), 2007-04-25 , Vol. 8 , N. 4 , P. 1-19
DOI 10.1029/2006GC001474
WOS© Times Cited 73
Keyword(s) deep-dwelling foraminifera, depth habitat, isotopic temperature, thermocline, North Atlantic, Mauritanian upwelling, ecological prediction, stable isotopes, micropaleontology
Abstract We measured the oxygen isotopic composition of the deep-dwelling foraminiferal species G. inflata, G. truncatulinoides dextral and sinistral, and P. obliquiloculata in 29 modern core tops raised from the North Atlantic Ocean. We compared calculated isotopic temperatures with atlas temperatures and defined ecological models for each species. G. inflata and G. truncatulinoides live preferentially at the base of the seasonal thermocline. Under temperature stress, i.e., when the base of the seasonal thermocline is warmer than 16 degrees C, G. inflata and G. truncatulinoides live deeper in the main thermocline. P. obliquiloculata inhabits the seasonal thermocline in warm regions. We tested our model using 10 cores along the Mauritanian upwelling and show that the comparison of delta(18)O variations registered by the surficial species G. ruber and G. bulloides and the deep-dwelling species G. inflata evidences significant glacial-interglacial shifts of the Mauritanian upwelling cells.
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