The Mesolithic-Neolithic transition in southern Iberia

Type Article
Date 2012-03
Language English
Author(s) Cortes Sanchez Miguel2, Jimenez Espejo Francisco J.1, 3, Simon Vallejo Maria D.4, Gibaja Bao Juan F.5, Carvalho Antonio Faustino6, Martinez-Ruiz Francisca1, Rodrigo Gamiz Marta1, Flores Jose-Abel7, Paytan Adina8, Lopez Saez Jose A.9, Pena-Chocarro Leonor9, Carrion Jose S.10, Morales Muniz Arturo11, Rosello Izquierdo Eufrasia11, Riquelme Cantal Jose A.1, Dean Rebecca M.12, Salgueiro Emilia13, 14, Martinez Sanchez Rafael M.15, de La Rubia De Gracia Juan J.16, Lozano Francisco Maria C., Vera Pelaez Jose L.17, Llorente Rodriguez Laura11, 17, Bicho Nuno F.6
Affiliation(s) 1 : Inst Andaluz Ciencias Tierra CSIC UGR, Granada 18100, Spain.
2 : Univ Seville, Fac Geog & Hist, Dept Prehist & Arqueol, Seville 41004, Spain.
3 : Japan Agcy Marine Earth Sci & Technol JAMSTEC, Inst Biogeosci, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 2370061, Japan.
4 : Fdn Cueva Narja, Malaga 29787, Spain.
5 : Dept Arqueol CSIC IMF, Barcelona 08001, Spain.
6 : Univ Algarve, FCT, Fac Ciencias Humanas & Sociais, P-8000117 Faro, Portugal.
7 : Univ Salamanca, Dept Geol, E-37008 Salamanca, Spain.
8 : Univ Santa Cruz, Earth & Planetary Sci Dept, Inst Marine Sci, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA.
9 : CSIC, Ctr Ciencias Humanas & Sociales, Res Grp Arqueobiol, Madrid 28037, Spain.
10 : Univ Murcia, Fac Biol, Dept Biol Vegetal Bot, E-30100 Murcia, Spain.
11 : Univ Autonoma Madrid, Dept Biol, Lab Zooarqueol, E-28049 Madrid, Spain.
12 : Univ Minnesota, Div Social Sci, Morris, MN 56267 USA.
13 : LNEG Ex INETI, Unidade Geol Marinha, P-2720866 Amadora, Portugal.
14 : CIMAR Lab Associado, P-4050123 Oporto, Portugal.
15 : Univ Cordoba, Fac Filosofia & Letras, Area Prehist, E-14071 Cordoba, Spain.
16 : Archivo Municipal Mijas, Malaga 29650, Spain.
17 : Museo Municipal Paleontol Estepona, Malaga 29680, Spain.
Source Quaternary Research (0033-5894) (Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science), 2012-03 , Vol. 77 , N. 2 , P. 221-234
DOI 10.1016/j.yqres.2011.12.003
WOS© Times Cited 78
Keyword(s) Abrupt climate change, Mesolithic-Neolithic transition, South Iberia, Holocene, Migration, Hunter-fisher-gatherers, Paleoceanography
Abstract New data and a review of historiographic information from Neolithic sites of the Malaga and Algarve coasts (southern Iberian Peninsula) and from the Maghreb (North Africa) reveal the existence of a Neolithic settlement at least from 7.5 cal ka BP. The agricultural and pastoralist food producing economy of that population rapidly replaced the coastal economies of the Mesolithic populations. The timing of this population and economic turnover coincided with major changes in the continental and marine ecosystems, including upwelling intensity, sea-level changes and increased aridity in the Sahara and along the Iberian coast. These changes likely impacted the subsistence strategies of the Mesolithic populations along the Iberian seascapes and resulted in abandonments manifested as sedimentary hiatuses in some areas during the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition. The rapid expansion and area of dispersal of the early Neolithic traits suggest the use of marine technology. Different evidences for a Maghrebian origin for the first colonists have been summarized. The recognition of an early North-African Neolithic influence in Southern Iberia and the Maghreb is vital for understanding the appearance and development of the Neolithic in Western Europe. Our review suggests links between climate change, resource allocation, and population turnover. (C) 2011 University of Washington. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Cortes Sanchez Miguel, Jimenez Espejo Francisco J., Simon Vallejo Maria D., Gibaja Bao Juan F., Carvalho Antonio Faustino, Martinez-Ruiz Francisca, Rodrigo Gamiz Marta, Flores Jose-Abel, Paytan Adina, Lopez Saez Jose A., Pena-Chocarro Leonor, Carrion Jose S., Morales Muniz Arturo, Rosello Izquierdo Eufrasia, Riquelme Cantal Jose A., Dean Rebecca M., Salgueiro Emilia, Martinez Sanchez Rafael M., de La Rubia De Gracia Juan J., Lozano Francisco Maria C., Vera Pelaez Jose L., Llorente Rodriguez Laura, Bicho Nuno F. (2012). The Mesolithic-Neolithic transition in southern Iberia. Quaternary Research, 77(2), 221-234. Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :