Proteolysis of Sardine (Sardina pilchardus) and Anchovy (Stolephorus cotnmersonii) by Commercial Enzymes in Saline Solutions
|Author(s)||Le Minh Chau1, 2, Donnay-Moreno Claire2, Bruzac Sandrine2, Baron Regis2, Nguyen Huong Thi My3, Berge Jean-Pascal4|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Thai Nguyen Univ, Coll Agr & Forestry, Quyet Thang, Thai Nguyen, Vietnam.
2 : IFREMER, FR-44311 Nantes, France.
3 : Nha Trang Univ, Nha Trang, Vietnam.
4 : IDMER, FR-56100 Lorient, France.
|Source||Food Technology And Biotechnology (1330-9862) (Faculty Food Technology Biotechnology), 2015-01 , Vol. 53 , N. 1 , P. 87-90|
|WOS© Times Cited||7|
|Keyword(s)||hydrolysis, proteases, salt, sardine, anchovy, fish sauce|
|Abstract||Fish sauce production is a very long process and there is a great interest in shortening it. Among the different strategies to speed up this process, the addition of external proteases could be a solution. This study focuses on the effect of two commercial enzymes (Protamex and Protex 51FP) on the proteolysis of two fish species traditionally converted into fish sauce: sardine and anchovy, by comparison with classical autolysis. Hydrolysis reactions were conducted with fresh fish at a temperature of 30 degrees C and under different saline conditions (from 0 to 30 % NaCl). Hydrolysis degree and liquefaction of the raw material were used to follow the process. As expected, the proteolysis decreased with increasing amount of salt. Regarding the fish species, higher rate of liquefaction and higher hydrolysis degree were obtained with anchovy. Between the two proteases, Protex 51FP gave better results with both fish types. This study demonstrates that the addition of commercial proteases could be helpful for the liquefaction of fish and cleavage of peptide bonds that occur during fish sauce production and thus speed up the production process.|