Eukaryotic plankton diversity in the sunlit ocean

Type Article
Date 2015-05
Language English
Author(s) De Vargas Colomban1, 2, Audic Stephane1, 2, Henry Nicolas1, 2, Decelle Johan1, 2, Mahe Frederic1, 2, 3, Logares Ramiro4, Lara Enrique5, Berney Cedric1, 2, Le Bescot Noan1, 2, Probert Ian6, 7, Carmichael Margaux1, 2, 8, 9, 10, Poulain Julie11, Romac Sarah1, 2, Colin Sebastien1, 2, 8, 9, 10, Aury Jean-Marc11, Bittner Lucie1, 2, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, Chaffron Samuel14, 15, 16, Dunthorn Micah3, Engelen Stefan11, Flegontova Olga17, 18, Guidi Lionel19, 20, Horak Ales17, 18, Jaillon Olivier11, 21, 22, Lima-Mendez Gipsi14, 15, 16, Lukes Julius17, 18, 23, Malviya Shruti8, 9, 10, Morard Raphael1, 2, 24, Mulot Matthieu5, Scalco Eleonora25, Siano Raffaele26, Vincent Flora8, 9, 10, 15, Zingone Adriana25, Dimier Celine1, 2, 8, 9, 10, Picheral Marc19, 20, Searson Sarah19, 20, Kandels-Lewis Stefanie27, 28, Acinas Silvia G.4, Bork Peer27, 29, Bowler Chris8, 9, 10, Gorsky Gabriel19, 20, Grimsley Nigel30, 31, Hingamp Pascal32, Iudicone Daniele25, Not Fabrice1, 2, Ogata Hiroyuki33, Pesant Stephane34, Raes Jeroen14, 15, 16, Sieracki Michael E.35, 36, Speich Sabrina37, 38, Stemmann Lars19, 20, Sunagawa Shinichi27, Weissenbach Jean11, 21, 22, Wincker Patrick11, 21, 22, Karsenti Eric8, 9, 10, 28
Affiliation(s) 1 : CNRS, UMR 7144, Stn Biol Roscoff, F-29680 Roscoff, France.
2 : Univ Paris 06, Univ Paris 04, UMR 7144, Stn Biol Roscoff, F-29680 Roscoff, France.
3 : Univ Kaiserslautern, Dept Ecol, D-67663 Kaiserslautern, Germany.
4 : CSIC, Inst Marine Sci ICM, Dept Marine Biol & Oceanog, E-08003 Barcelona, Spain.
5 : Univ Neuchatel, Lab Soil Biol, CH-2000 Neuchatel, Switzerland.
6 : CNRS, FR2424, Roscoff Culture Collect, Stn Biol Roscoff, F-29680 Roscoff, France.
7 : Univ Paris 06, Univ Paris 04, FR 2424, Roscoff Culture Collect,Stn Biol Roscoff, F-29680 Roscoff, France.
8 : Ecole Normale Super, IBENS, F-75005 Paris, France.
9 : INSERM, U1024, F-75005 Paris, France.
10 : CNRS, UMR 8197, F-75005 Paris, France.
11 : Commissariat Energie Atom & Energies Alternat CEA, Inst Genom, GENOSCOPE, F-91000 Evry, France.
12 : CNRS, FR3631, Inst Biol Paris Seine, F-75005 Paris, France.
13 : Univ Paris 06, Univ Paris 04, Inst Biol Paris Seine, F-75005 Paris, France.
14 : Katholieke Univ Leuven, Rega Inst, Dept Microbiol & Immunol, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium.
15 : VIB, Ctr Biol Dis, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium.
16 : Vrije Univ Brussel, Dept Appl Biol Sci, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.
17 : Acad Sci Czech Republic, Ctr Biol, Inst Parasitol, Ceske Budejovice 37005, Czech Republic.
18 : Univ South Bohemia, Fac Sci, Ceske Budejovice 37005, Czech Republic.
19 : CNRS, UMR 7093, LOV, Observ Oceanol, F-06230 Villefranche Sur Mer, France.
20 : Univ Paris 06, Univ Paris 04, UMR 7093, LOV,Observ Oceanol, F-06230 Villefranche Sur Mer, France.
21 : CNRS, UMR 8030, CP5706, Evry, France.
22 : Univ Evry, UMR 8030, CP5706, Evry, France.
23 : Canadian Inst Adv Res, Toronto, ON M5G 1Z8, Canada.
24 : Univ Bremen, Ctr Marine Environm Sci, MARUM, D-28359 Bremen, Germany.
25 : Stn Zool A Dohrn, I-80121 Naples, Italy.
26 : IFREMER, Ctr Brest, DYNECO Pelagos CS 10070, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
27 : European Mol Biol Lab, Struct & Computat Biol, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
28 : European Mol Biol Lab, Directors Res, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
29 : Max Delbruck Ctr Mol Med, D-13092 Berlin, Germany.
30 : CNRS, UMR 7232, BIOM, F-66650 Banyuls Sur Mer, France.
31 : Univ Paris 06, Univ Paris 04, OOB, F-66650 Banyuls Sur Mer, France.
32 : Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS IGS UMR 7256, F-13288 Marseille, France.
33 : Kyoto Univ, Inst Chem Res, Kyoto 6110011, Japan.
34 : Univ Bremen, Data Publisher Earth & Environm Sci, PANGAEA, D-28359 Bremen, Germany.
35 : Bigelow Lab Ocean Sci, East Boothbay, ME 04544 USA.
36 : Natl Sci Fdn, Arlington, VA 22230 USA.
37 : Ecole Normale Super, LMD, Dept Geosci, F-75231 Paris 05, France.
38 : UBO, IUEM, Lab Phys Oceans, F-29820 Plouzane, France.
Source Science (0036-8075) (Amer Assoc Advancement Science), 2015-05 , Vol. 348 , N. 6237 , P. 1-12
DOI 10.1126/science.1261605
WOS© Times Cited 439
Note Materials/Methods, Supplementary Text, Tables, Figures, and/or References : http://www.sciencemag.org/content/348/6237/1261605/suppl/DC1
Abstract Marine plankton support global biological and geochemical processes. Surveys of their biodiversity have hitherto been geographically restricted and have not accounted for the full range of plankton size. We assessed eukaryotic diversity from 334 size-fractionated photic-zone plankton communities collected across tropical and temperate oceans during the circumglobal Tara Oceans expedition. We analyzed 18S ribosomal DNA sequences across the intermediate plankton-size spectrum from the smallest unicellular eukaryotes (protists, > 0.8 micrometers) to small animals of a few millimeters. Eukaryotic ribosomal diversity saturated at similar to 150,000 operational taxonomic units, about one-third of which could not be assigned to known eukaryotic groups. Diversity emerged at all taxonomic levels, both within the groups comprising the similar to 11,200 cataloged morphospecies of eukaryotic plankton and among twice as many other deep-branching lineages of unappreciated importance in plankton ecology studies. Most eukaryotic plankton biodiversity belonged to heterotrophic protistan groups, particularly those known to be parasites or symbiotic hosts.
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De Vargas Colomban, Audic Stephane, Henry Nicolas, Decelle Johan, Mahe Frederic, Logares Ramiro, Lara Enrique, Berney Cedric, Le Bescot Noan, Probert Ian, Carmichael Margaux, Poulain Julie, Romac Sarah, Colin Sebastien, Aury Jean-Marc, Bittner Lucie, Chaffron Samuel, Dunthorn Micah, Engelen Stefan, Flegontova Olga, Guidi Lionel, Horak Ales, Jaillon Olivier, Lima-Mendez Gipsi, Lukes Julius, Malviya Shruti, Morard Raphael, Mulot Matthieu, Scalco Eleonora, Siano Raffaele, Vincent Flora, Zingone Adriana, Dimier Celine, Picheral Marc, Searson Sarah, Kandels-Lewis Stefanie, Acinas Silvia G., Bork Peer, Bowler Chris, Gorsky Gabriel, Grimsley Nigel, Hingamp Pascal, Iudicone Daniele, Not Fabrice, Ogata Hiroyuki, Pesant Stephane, Raes Jeroen, Sieracki Michael E., Speich Sabrina, Stemmann Lars, Sunagawa Shinichi, Weissenbach Jean, Wincker Patrick, Karsenti Eric (2015). Eukaryotic plankton diversity in the sunlit ocean. Science, 348(6237), 1-12. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1261605 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00270/38135/