Position paper on passive sampling techniques for the monitoring of contaminants in the aquatic environment - Achievements to date and perspectives
|Author(s)||Miege Cecile1, Mazzella Nicolas2, Allan Ian3, Dulio Valeria4, Smedes Foppe5, 6, Tixier Celine7, Vermeirssen Etienne8, Brant Jan9, O'Toole Simon10, Budzinski Helene11, Ghestem Jean-Philippe12, Staub Pierre-Francois13, Lardy-Fontan Sophie14, Gonzalez Jean-Louis15, Coquery Marina1, Vrana Branislav5|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Irstea, UR MALY Freshwater Syst Ecol & Pollut Res Unit, 5 Rue Doua,CS70077, F-69626 Villeurbanne, France.
2 : Irstea, UR REBX Water Res Unit, F-33612 Gazinet, Cestas, France.
3 : NIVA, N-0349 Oslo, Norway.
4 : INERIS Direct Risques Chron, F-60550 Verneuil En Halatte, France.
5 : Masaryk Univ, Fac Sci, Res Ctr Tox Cpds Environm RECETOX, Brno 62500, Czech Republic.
6 : Deltares, NL-3508 AL Utrecht, Netherlands.
7 : IFREMER, RBE BE LBCO, F-44311 Nantes 3, France.
8 : EPFL, Swiss Ctr Appl Ecotoxicol Eawag, CH-8600 Dubendorf, Switzerland.
9 : Cefas, Lowestoft NR34 9DX, Suffolk, England.
10 : Environm Protect Agcy, Dublin 14, Ireland.
11 : Univ Bordeaux 1, EPOC UMR CNRS 5805, LPTC, F-33405 Talence, France.
12 : Bur Rech Geol & Minieres, Lab Div, F-45060 Orleans 02, France.
13 : ONEMA, F-94300 Vincennes, France.
14 : DMSI, LNE, F-75724 Paris 15, France.
15 : IFREMER, RBE BE LBCM, F-83507 La Seyne Sur Mer, France.
|Source||Trends In Environmental Analytical Chemistry (2214-1588) (Elsevier Science Bv), 2015-11 , Vol. 8 , P. 20-26|
|WOS© Times Cited||83|
|Keyword(s)||Passive sampling, Water framework directive, Monitoring programmes, Priority substances, Emerging substances, Environmental quality standards|
|Abstract||This paper, based on the outcome of discussions at a NORMAN Network-supported workshop in Lyon (France) in November 2014 aims to provide a common position of passive sampling community experts regarding concrete actions required to foster the use of passive sampling techniques in support of contaminant risk assessment and management and for routine monitoring of contaminants in aquatic systems. The brief roadmap presented here focusses on the identification of robust passive sampling methodology, technology that requires further development or that has yet to be developed, our current knowledge of the evaluation of uncertainties when calculating a freely dissolved concentration, the relationship between data from PS and that obtained through biomonitoring. A tiered approach to identifying areas of potential environmental quality standard (EQS) exceedances is also shown. Finally, we propose a list of recommended actions to improve the acceptance of passive sampling by policy-makers. These include the drafting of guidelines, quality assurance and control procedures, developing demonstration projects where biomonitoring and passive sampling are undertaken alongside, organising proficiency testing schemes and interlaboratory comparison and, finally, establishing passive sampler-based assessment criteria in relation to existing EQS.|