Ecoviability for small-scale fisheries in the context of food security constraints

Type Article
Date 2015-11
Language English
Author(s) Cisse Abdoul2, Doyen L.3, Blanchard FabianORCID1, Bene Christophe4, Pereau J. -C.3
Affiliation(s) 1 : IFREMER, Cayenne 97331, French Guiana.
2 : Univ French West Indies & Guiana, CEREGMIA, Cayenne 97326, French Guiana.
3 : Univ Bordeaux, GRETHA, CNRS, F-33608 Pessac, France.
4 : Univ Sussex, Inst Dev Studies, Brighton, E Sussex, England.
Source Ecological Economics (0921-8009) (Elsevier Science Bv), 2015-11 , Vol. 119 , P. 39-52
DOI 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2015.02.005
WOS© Times Cited 19
Keyword(s) Small-scale fishery, Biodiversity, Sustainability, Profitability, Food security, Multi-species, Multi-fleet, Stochasticity, Viability, Scenario
Abstract This paper applies a stochastic viability approach to a tropical small-scale fishery, offering a theoretical and empirical example of ecosystem-based fishery management approach that accounts for food security. The model integrates multi-species, multi-fleet and uncertainty as well as profitability, food production, and demographic growth. It is calibrated over the period 2006–2010 using monthly catch and effort data from the French Guiana's coastal fishery, involving thirteen species and four fleets. Using projections at the horizon 2040, different management strategies and scenarios are compared from a viability viewpoint, thus accounting for biodiversity preservation, fleet profitability and food security. The analysis shows that under certain conditions, viable options can be identified which allow fishing intensity and production to be increased to respond to food security requirements but with minimum impacts on the marine resources.
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