A joint electromagnetic and seismic study of an active pockmark within the hydrate stability field at the Vestnesa Ridge, West Svalbard margin

Type Article
Date 2015-10
Language English
Author(s) Goswami Bedanta K.1, Weitemeyer Karen A.1, Minshull Timothy A.1, Sinha Martin C.1, Westbrook Graham1, 2, 3, Chabert Anne1, 4, Henstock Timothy J.1, Ker StephanORCID3
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Southampton, Ocean & Earth Sci, Natl Oceanog Ctr Southampton, Southampton, Hants, England.
2 : Univ Birmingham, Sch Geog Earth & Environm Sci, Birmingham, W Midlands, England.
3 : IFREMER, Ctr Brest, Geosci Marines, Plouzane, France.
4 : Fugro EMU Ltd, Southampton, Hants, England.
Source Journal Of Geophysical Research-solid Earth (0148-0227) (Amer Geophysical Union), 2015-10 , Vol. 120 , N. 10 , P. 6797-6822
DOI 10.1002/2015JB012344
WOS© Times Cited 26
Keyword(s) gas hydrate, Svalbard, CSEM, saturation, pockmark, Vestnesa
Abstract We acquired coincident marine controlled-source electromagnetic (CSEM), high-resolution seismic reflection and ocean-bottom seismometer (OBS) data over an active pockmark in the crest of the southern part of the Vestnesa Ridge, to estimate fluid composition within an underlying fluid-migration chimney. Synthetic model studies suggest resistivity obtained from CSEM data can resolve gas or hydrate saturation greater than 5% within the chimney. Acoustic chimneys imaged by seismic reflection data beneath the pockmark and on the ridge flanks, were found to be associated with high-resistivity anomalies (+2-4 m). High-velocity anomalies (+0.3 km/s), within the gas hydrate stability zone (GHSZ) and low-velocity anomalies (-0.2 km/s) underlying the GHSZ, were also observed. Joint analysis of the resistivity and velocity anomaly indicates pore saturation of up to 52% hydrate with 28% free gas, or up to 73% hydrate with 4% free gas, within the chimney beneath the pockmark assuming a non-uniform and uniform fluid distribution respectively. Similarly, we estimate up to 30% hydrate with 4% free gas or 30% hydrate with 2% free gas within the pore space of the GHSZ outside the central chimney assuming a non-uniform and uniform fluid distribution respectively. High levels of free-gas saturation in the top part of the chimney are consistent with episodic gas venting from the pockmark.
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Goswami Bedanta K., Weitemeyer Karen A., Minshull Timothy A., Sinha Martin C., Westbrook Graham, Chabert Anne, Henstock Timothy J., Ker Stephan (2015). A joint electromagnetic and seismic study of an active pockmark within the hydrate stability field at the Vestnesa Ridge, West Svalbard margin. Journal Of Geophysical Research-solid Earth, 120(10), 6797-6822. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JB012344 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00283/39458/