Particle assemblage characterization in the Rhone river ROFI

Type Article
Date 2016-05
Language English
Author(s) Many Gael1, Bourrin Francois1, Durrieu De Madron Xavier1, Pairaud Ivane2, Gangloff Aurelien3, Doxaran David4, Ody Anouck4, Verney RomaricORCID3, Menniti Christophe1, Le Berre David3, Jacquet Matthias3
Affiliation(s) 1 : UPVD, CNRS, UMR 5110, CEFREM, 52 Ave Paul Alduy, F-66860 Perpignan, France.
2 : IFREMER, LERPAC, F-83507 La Seyne Sur Mer, France.
3 : IFREMER, PHYSED, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
4 : UPMC, CNRS, UMR 7093, LOV, 181 Chemin Lazaret, F-06230 Villefranche Sur Mer, France.
Source Journal Of Marine Systems (0924-7963) (Elsevier Science Bv), 2016-05 , Vol. 157 , P. 39-51
DOI 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2015.12.010
WOS© Times Cited 22
Keyword(s) Gulf of Lions, Rhone River, ROFI, Turbid structures, Particle properties, Glider
Abstract An innovative experiment was carried out in the vicinity of the Rhône River mouth in February 2014. An instrumental package, composed of a CTD, a LISST-100 type B (1.25–250 μm) and a LISST-HOLO (20–2000 μm), was used to characterize the hydrological parameters and suspended particles properties (concentration, size, composition, shape and effective density) in the region of freshwater influence (ROFI) of the Rhône River. Besides, a coastal SLOCUM glider, equipped with a CTD and optical backscattering sensors at several wavelengths, was deployed to detail the spatial description of the hydrological parameters and some particle properties. Large river discharge (annual flood ~ 5000 m3 s− 1) and strong wind conditions favored the dispersal of the river plume on the shelf. Surface suspended particulate matter concentrations decreased rapidly seaward from 20 mg L− 1 next to the river mouth to 1.5 mg L− 1 at the shelf break. A persistent bottom nepheloid layer was observed across the shelf with concentrations decreasing from 8 mg L− 1 at the coast to 1 mg L− 1 at the shelf break. Observations showed that most of suspended particles were mainly flocculated in micro and macro-flocs (30–400 μm) in inner shelf waters. The particle assemblage in the Rhône River plume and in the bottom nepheloid layer became progressively finer seaward and the associated effective density increased from 370 to 1600 kg m− 3. Outside the plume, planktonic organisms increasingly contributed to the total volume concentration. Finally, we demonstrated the ability of gliders, equipped with optical backscattering sensors at several wavelengths, to describe the fine scale distributions of suspended particles, and provide an index of their size distribution.
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Many Gael, Bourrin Francois, Durrieu De Madron Xavier, Pairaud Ivane, Gangloff Aurelien, Doxaran David, Ody Anouck, Verney Romaric, Menniti Christophe, Le Berre David, Jacquet Matthias (2016). Particle assemblage characterization in the Rhone river ROFI. Journal Of Marine Systems, 157, 39-51. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2015.12.010 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00307/41809/