Turbidity current activity along the flanks of a volcanic edifice: The mafate volcaniclastic complex, La Réunion Island, Indian Ocean

Type Article
Date 2016-04
Language English
Author(s) Mazuel Aude1, Sisavath Emmanuelle2, Babonneau Nathalie1, Jorry StephanORCID3, Bachelery Patrick4, Delacourt Christophe1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Brest, IUEM, UMR CNRS 6538, Domaines Ocean, Pl Nicolas Copernic, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
2 : Fugro GeoConsulting SA, 39 Rue Peupliers, F-92752 Nanterre, France.
3 : IFREMER Carnot Edrome, Unite Geosci Marines, BP70, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
4 : Univ Clermont Ferrand, Observ Phys Globe Clermont Ferrand, UMR CNRS IRD 6524, Lab Magmas & Volcans, 5 Rue Kessler, F-63038 Clermont Ferrand, France.
Source Sedimentary Geology (0037-0738) (Elsevier Science Bv), 2016-04 , Vol. 335 , P. 34-50
DOI 10.1016/j.sedgeo.2016.01.020
WOS© Times Cited 9
Keyword(s) Deep-sea fan, Turbidite, Volcaniclastic, Land-to-sea transfer, La Reunion Island, Late Quaternary
Abstract Recent marine geophysical surveys reveal the existence of well-developed volcaniclastic deep-sea fans around La Réunion Island, Indian Ocean. The Mafate turbidite complex, located in the northwestern part of the island, is a large sedimentary system formed by two coalescent-like volcaniclastic deep-sea fans: the Mafate fan and the Saint-Denis fan. They are both connected to terrestrial rivers supplying sediment produced by erosion on the island, particularly during austral summer cyclonic floods. Through the integration of marine geophysical data (including bathymetry, backscatter multibeam sounder images, TOBI side-scan sonar images and seismic reflection profiles) and piston cores, a submarine morpho-sedimentary map of the surface architecture of the Mafate and Saint-Denis turbidite systems has been established. The systems are divided in three main domains: deep canyons in the proximal area, a channel network in the medial area, and distal depositional lobes on the abyssal sea floor. Two large sediment wave fields also formed as a result of the volcaniclastic turbidity currents. Three piston cores collected along the Mafate complex provide information on the sedimentary processes in this area over the last 25 ka. The record of turbidite events in these cores is interpreted in terms of volcanic and climatic changes that could have controlled the sediment transfer to the deep ocean.
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Mazuel Aude, Sisavath Emmanuelle, Babonneau Nathalie, Jorry Stephan, Bachelery Patrick, Delacourt Christophe (2016). Turbidity current activity along the flanks of a volcanic edifice: The mafate volcaniclastic complex, La Réunion Island, Indian Ocean. Sedimentary Geology, 335, 34-50. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sedgeo.2016.01.020 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00312/42273/