Stakeholders' perceptions, attitudes and practices towards risk prevention in the food chain

Type Article
Date 2016-08
Language English
Author(s) Lupo CoralieORCID1, Wilmart O.2, Van Huffel X.2, Dal Pozzo F.3, Saegerman C.3, 4
Affiliation(s) 1 : IFREMER, Lab Genet & Pathol Mollusques Marins, Ave Mus de Loup, F-17390 La Tremblade, France.
2 : FASFC, Staff Direct Risk Assessment, Directorate Gen Control Policy, Brussels, Belgium.
3 : Univ Liege, Fac Vet Med, FARAH, Res Unit Epidemiol & Risk Anal Appl Vet Sci UREAR, Liege, Belgium.
4 : FASFC, Belgium Sci Comm, Brussels, Belgium.
Source Food Control (0956-7135) (Elsevier Sci Ltd), 2016-08 , Vol. 66 , P. 158-165
DOI 10.1016/j.foodcont.2016.02.003
WOS© Times Cited 12
Keyword(s) Risk perception, Animal health, Plant health, Food safety, Online survey, Web survey
Abstract An online survey was conducted to describe stakeholders' perceptions, attitudes and practices towards risk prevention in the food chain and to explore if common features could be extracted from different fields of competency or groups of stakeholders. Out of 80 participants, 60% believed that pathogenic microorganisms were the main hazard to prevent. Twenty-four percent perceived climate change as the main risk factor. Seventy-three percent believed that hazards in the food chain are preventable and they often showed a positive attitude towards risk prevention measures. The opinion of 75% of stakeholders was that prevention measures should be compulsory and under the shared responsibility of both food business operators and competent authority. Seventy-five percent of the respondents had recent experience with particular hazards and declared to have undertaken risk reduction measures. Incentives to implement measures were policy obligation and public health consequences whereas barriers were budgetary reasons and doubts about their effectiveness. However, there was not always a complete agreement between the perceived usefulness of risk prevention measures and their effective implementation, and conversely. No significant difference could be observed in the perceptions, attitudes and practices towards risk prevention between neither groups of stakeholders nor their fields of competency. The results are important for improving the risk communication process because the same issues can be emphasized when promoting risk prevention in the food chain regardless of the type of food sectors and the groups of stakeholders.
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