Infectious diseases in oyster aquaculture require a new integrated approach

Type Article
Date 2016-03
Language English
Author(s) Pernet FabriceORCID1, Lupo CoralieORCID3, Bacher CedricORCID2, Whittington Richard J.4
Affiliation(s) 1 : IFREMER, UBO CNRS IRD, UMR LEMAR 6539, Technopole Brest Iroise,BP 70, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
2 : IFREMER, Dyneco BENTHOS, Technopole Brest Iroise,BP 70, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
3 : IFREMER, Lab Genet & Pathol Mollusques Marins, LGPMM SG2M, Ave Mus Loup, F-17390 La Tremblade, France.
4 : Univ Sydney, Fac Vet Sci, 425 Werombi Rd, Camden, NSW 2570, Australia.
Source Philosophical Transactions Of The Royal Society B-biological Sciences (0962-8436) (Royal Soc), 2016-03 , Vol. 371 , N. 1689 , P. 1-9
DOI 10.1098/rstb.2015.0213
WOS© Times Cited 49
Note Theme issue ‘Marine disease’ compiled and edited by Kevin D. Lafferty and Eileen E. Hofmann
Keyword(s) bivalve, disease management, epidemiology, multidisciplinary, risk
Abstract Emerging diseases pose a recurrent threat to bivalve aquaculture. Recently, massive mortality events in the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas associated with the detection of a microvariant of the ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1 µVar) have been reported in Europe, Australia and New Zealand. Although the spread of disease is often viewed as a governance failure, we suggest that the development of protective measures for bivalve farming is presently held back by the lack of key scientific knowledge. In this paper, we explore the case for an integrated approach to study the management of bivalve disease, using OsHV-1 as a case study. Reconsidering the key issues by incorporating multidisciplinary science could provide a holistic under-standing of OsHV-1 and increase the benefit of research to policymakers.
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