PAH metabolites in fish bile: from the Seine Estuary to Iceland

Type Article
Date 2017-03
Language English
Author(s) Kammann U.1, Akcha Farida2, Budzinski H.3, Burgeot Thierry2, Gubbins M. J.5, Lang T.1, Le Menach K.3, Vethaak A. D.4, Hylland K.6, 7
Affiliation(s) 1 : Thunen Inst Fisheries Ecol, Palmaille 9, D-22767 Hamburg, Germany.
2 : IFREMER, Dept Biogeochem & Ecotoxicol, BP 21105, F-44311 Nantes 03, France.
3 : Univ Bordeaux 1, CNRS, ISM, Lab Phys & Toxicochem Environm LPTC,UMR 5255, BP 21105, F-33405 Talence, France.
4 : Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Inst Environm Studies IVM, Boelelaan 1087, NL-1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands.
5 : FRS Marine Lab, 375 Victoria Rd, Aberdeen AB11 9DB, Scotland.
6 : Univ Oslo, Dept Biol, Pb 1066, N-0316 Oslo, Norway.
7 : Norwegian Inst Water Res NIVA, Gaustadalleen 21, N-0349 Oslo, Norway.
Source Marine Environmental Research (0141-1136) (Elsevier Sci Ltd), 2017-03 , Vol. 124 , P. 41-45
DOI 10.1016/j.marenvres.2016.02.014
WOS© Times Cited 27
Note The ICON Project (the trans-European research project on field studies related to a large-scale sampling and monitoring
Keyword(s) PAH metabolite, Dab, Flounder, Haddock, Marine monitoring, Atlantic, North Sea
Abstract Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are environmental contaminants that pose significant risk to health of fish. The International Workshop on Integrated Assessment of Contaminant Impacts on the North Sea (ICON) provided the framework to investigate biomarker responses as well as contaminant concentrations side by side in marine ecosystems. Concentrations of the main PAH metabolites 1-hydroxypyrene, 1-hydroxyphenanthren and 3-hydroxybenzo(a)pyrene were determined in bile by HPLC with fluorescence detection. Fish species under investigation were dab (Limanda limanda), flounder (Platichthys flesus) and haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus). A contamination gradient was demonstrated from the low contaminated waters of Iceland and off-shore regions of the North Sea towards higher concentrations in coastal areas. Concentrations of PAH metabolites differed primarily according to sampling region and secondarily to species.
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