Assessment of contaminant concentrations in sediments, fish and mussels sampled from the North Atlantic and European regional seas within the ICON project
|Author(s)||Robinson Craig D.1, Webster Lynda1, Martinez-Gomez Concepcion2, Burgeot Thierry3, Gubbins Matthew J.1, Thain John E.4, Vethaak A. Dick5, 6, McIntosh Alistair D.1, Hylland Ketil7|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Marine Scotland Sci, Marine Lab, 375 Victoria Rd, Aberdeen AB11 9DB, Scotland.
2 : Oceanog Ctr Murcia, IEO, Varadero 1,POB 22, Murcia 30740, Spain.
3 : IFREMER, Lab Ecotoxicol, Rue Ile Yeu,BP 21105, F-44311 Nantes 03, France.
4 : Cefas, Weymouth Lab, Barrack Rd, Weymouth DT4 8UB, Dorset, England.
5 : Deltares, Marine & Coastal Syst, POB 177, NL-2600 MH Delft, Netherlands.
6 : Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Inst Environm Studies, Boelelaan 1087, NL-1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands.
7 : Univ Oslo, Dept Biosci, POB 1066, N-0316 Oslo, Norway.
|Source||Marine Environmental Research (0141-1136) (Elsevier Sci Ltd), 2017-03 , Vol. 124 , P. 21-31|
|WOS© Times Cited||27|
|Note||The ICON Project (the trans-European research project on field studies related to a large-scale sampling and monitoring|
|Keyword(s)||Integrated assessment, ICES, North Atlantic, North Sea, Baltic Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), Trace metals, Environmental monitoring|
|Abstract||Understanding the status of contaminants in the marine environment is a requirement of European Union Directives and the Regional Seas Conventions, so that measures to reduce pollution can be identified and their efficacy assessed. The international ICON workshop (Hylland et al., in this issue) was developed in order to test an integrated approach to assessing both contaminant concentrations and their effects. This paper describes and assesses the concentrations of trace metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and polychlorinated biphenyls in sediments, mussels, and fish collected from estuarine, coastal and offshore waters from Iceland to the Mediterranean Sea. For organic contaminants, concentrations progressively increased from Iceland, to the offshore North Sea, to the coastal seas, and were highest in estuaries. Metals had a more complex distribution, reflecting local anthropogenic inputs, natural sources and hydrological conditions. Use of internationally recognised assessment criteria indicated that at no site were concentrations of all contaminants at background and that concentrations of some contaminants were of significant concern in all areas, except the central North Sea.|