Recommended reporting standards for test accuracy studies of infectious diseases of finfish, amphibians, molluscs and crustaceans: the STRADAS-aquatic checklist

Type Article
Date 2016-02
Language English
Author(s) Gardner Ian A.1, Whittington Richard J.2, Caraguel Charles G. B.3, Hick Paul2, Moody Nicholas J. G.4, Corbeil Serge4, Garver Kyle A.5, Warg Janet V.6, Arzul IsabelleORCID7, Purcell Maureen K.8, Crane Mark St J.4, Waltzek Thomas B.9, Olesen Niels J.10, Gallardo Lagno Alicia11
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Prince Edward Isl, Atlantic Vet Coll, 550 Univ Ave, Charlottetown, PE C1A 4P3, Canada.
2 : Univ Sydney, Fac Vet Sci, Camden, NSW 2570, Australia.
3 : Univ Adelaide, Sch Anim & Vet Sci, Roseworthy, SA 5371, Australia.
4 : CSIRO Australian Anim Hlth Lab, Geelong, Vic 3220, Australia.
5 : Fisheries & Oceans Canada, Pacific Biol Stn, Nanaimo, BC V9T 6N7, Canada.
6 : USDA, Diagnost Virol Lab, Natl Vet Serv Labs, VS,APHIS, Ames, IA 50010 USA.
7 : IFREMER, SG2M, LGPMM, F-17390 La Tremblade, France.
8 : US Geol Survey, Western Fisheries Res Ctr, Seattle, WA 98115 USA.
9 : Univ Florida, Dept Infect Dis & Pathol, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA.
10 : Tech Univ Denmark, Natl Vet Inst, Frederiksberg C, Denmark.
11 : Jefa Unidad Salud Anim Serv Nacl Pesca & Acuicult, Victoria 2832, Chile.
Source Diseases Of Aquatic Organisms (0177-5103) (Inter-research), 2016-02 , Vol. 118 , N. 2 , P. 91-111
DOI 10.3354/dao02947
WOS© Times Cited 24
Keyword(s) Reporting standards, Sensitivity, Specificity, Finfish, Amphibians, Molluscs, Crustaceans, STRADAS-paraTB, Diagnostic validation
Abstract Complete and transparent reporting of key elements of diagnostic accuracy studies for infectious diseases in cultured and wild aquatic animals benefits end-users of these tests, enabling the rational design of surveillance programs, the assessment of test results from clinical cases and comparisons of diagnostic test performance. Based on deficiencies in the Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) guidelines identified in a prior finfish study (Gardner et al. 2014), we adapted the Standards for Reporting of Animal Diagnostic Accuracy Studies—paratuberculosis (STRADAS-paraTB) checklist of 25 reporting items to increase their relevance to finfish, amphibians, molluscs, and crustaceans and provided examples and explanations for each item. The checklist, known as STRADAS-aquatic, was developed and refined by an expert group of 14 transdisciplinary scientists with experience in test evaluation studies using field and experimental samples, in operation of reference laboratories for aquatic animal pathogens, and in development of international aquatic animal health policy. The main changes to the STRADAS-paraTB checklist were to nomenclature related to the species, the addition of guidelines for experimental challenge studies, and the designation of some items as relevant only to experimental studies and ante-mortem tests. We believe that adoption of these guidelines will improve reporting of primary studies of test accuracy for aquatic animal diseases and facilitate assessment of their fitness-for-purpose. Given the importance of diagnostic tests to underpin the Sanitary and Phytosanitary agreement of the World Trade Organization, the principles outlined in this paper should be applied to other World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)-relevant species.
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Gardner Ian A., Whittington Richard J., Caraguel Charles G. B., Hick Paul, Moody Nicholas J. G., Corbeil Serge, Garver Kyle A., Warg Janet V., Arzul Isabelle, Purcell Maureen K., Crane Mark St J., Waltzek Thomas B., Olesen Niels J., Gallardo Lagno Alicia (2016). Recommended reporting standards for test accuracy studies of infectious diseases of finfish, amphibians, molluscs and crustaceans: the STRADAS-aquatic checklist. Diseases Of Aquatic Organisms, 118(2), 91-111. Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :