Antarctic icebergs melt over the Southern Ocean : climatology and impact on sea ice

Type Article
Date 2016-08
Language English
Author(s) Merino Nacho1, 2, Le Sommer Julien1, 2, Durand Gael1, 2, Jourdain Nicolas C.1, 2, Madec Gurvan3, 4, Mathiot Pierre5, Tournadre Jean6
Affiliation(s) 1 : CNRS, LGGE, F-38041 Grenoble, France.
2 : Univ Grenoble Alpes, LGGE, F-38041 Grenoble, France.
3 : CNRS MNHN IRD UPMC, LOCEAN, Paris, France.
4 : NOC, Southampton, Hants, England.
5 : Met Off, Exeter, Devon, England.
6 : IFREMER, LOS, Brest, France.
Source Ocean Modelling (1463-5003) (Elsevier Sci Ltd), 2016-08 , Vol. 104 , P. 99-110
DOI 10.1016/j.ocemod.2016.05.001
WOS© Times Cited 88
Note Supplementary Data S2. Supplementary Raw Research Data. This is open data under the CC BY license
Keyword(s) Icebergs, Southern Ocean, Sea ice, Freshwater fluxes
Abstract Recent increase in Antarctic freshwater release to the Southern Ocean is suggested to contribute to change in water masses and sea ice. However, climate models differ in their representation of the freshwater sources. Recent improvements in altimetry-based detection of small icebergs and in estimates of the mass loss of Antarctica may help better constrain the values of Antarctic freshwater releases. We propose a model-based seasonal climatology of iceberg melt over the Southern Ocean using state-of-the-art observed glaciological estimates of the Antarctic mass loss. An improved version of a Lagrangian iceberg model is coupled with a global, eddy-permitting ocean/sea ice model and compared to small icebergs observations. Iceberg melt increases sea ice cover, about 10% in annual mean sea ice volume, and decreases sea surface temperature over most of the Southern Ocean, but with distinctive regional patterns. Our results underline the importance of improving the representation of Antarctic freshwater sources. This can be achieved by forcing ocean/sea ice models with a climatological iceberg fresh-water flux.
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