Monte Carlo approach to assess the uncertainty of wide-angle layered models: Application to the Santos Basin, Brazil

Type Article
Date 2016-06
Language English
Author(s) Loureiro Afonso1, 2, Afilhado Alexandra1, 3, Matias Luis1, 2, Moulin MarylineORCID4, Aslanian DanielORCID4
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Lisbon, Fac Ciencias, IDL, Edificio C8,Piso 3,Sala 8-3-31A Campo Grande, P-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal.
2 : Univ Lisbon, Fac Ciencias, P-1749016 Lisbon, Portugal.
3 : Inst Politecn Lisboa, Inst Super Engn Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal.
4 : IFREMER, REM GM LGS, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
Source Tectonophysics (0040-1951) (Elsevier Science Bv), 2016-06 , Vol. 683 , P. 286-307
DOI 10.1016/j.tecto.2016.05.040
WOS© Times Cited 21
Keyword(s) Brazil, Santos Basin, Velocity and depth uncertainty, Wideangle seismic reflection and refraction, Ray-tracing and travel time inversion, Monte Carlo, Model assessment and probability distribution
Abstract In the Santos Basin (Brazil), two parallel wide-angle refraction profiles show different crustal structures. One shows moderate crustal velocity gradient, and a clear Moho with topography. The other has an anomalous velocity zone, and no clear Moho reflections. This has large implications on the geological and geodynamical interpretation of the basin. Model uncertainties must be excluded as a source of these differences. We developed VMONTECARLO, a tool to assess model uncertainty of layered velocity models using aMonte Carlo approach and simultaneous parameter perturbation using all picked refracted and reflected arrivals. It gives insights into the acceptable geological interpretations allowed by data and model uncertainty through velocity-depth plots that provide: a) the velocity-depth profile range that is consistent with the travel times; b) ) the random model that provides the best fit, keeping most of the observations covered by ray-tracing; c) insight into valid models dispersion; d) main model features unequivocally required by the travel times, e.g., first-order versus second-order discontinuities, and velocity gradient magnitudes; e) parameter value probability distribution histograms. VMONTECARLO is seamlessly integrated into a RAYINVR-basedmodelling work flow, and can be used to assess final models or sound the solution space for alternate models, and is also capable of evaluating forward models without the need for inversion, thus avoiding local minima that may trap the inversion algorithms and providing information for models still not well-parametrized. Results for the Brazilian models show that the imaged structures are indeed geologically different and are not due to different interpretations of the same features within the model uncertainty bounds. These differences highlight the strong heterogeneity of the crust in the middle of the Santos Basin, where the rift is supposed to have failed.
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