The EMSO-ERIC Pan-European Consortium: Data Benefits and Lessons Learned as the Legal Entity Forms
|Author(s)||Best Mairi M. R.1, Favali Paolo1, Beranzoli Laura1, Blandin Jerome2, Cagatay Namik M.3, Cannat Mathilde2, Jose Danobeitia Juan4, Delory Eric4, de Miranda Jorge M. A.5, Del Rio Fernandez Joaquin4, de Stigter Henko6, Gillooly Mick7, Grant Fiona7, Hall Per O. J.8, Hartman Susan9, Hernandez-Brito Joaquin4, Lanteri Nadine2, Mienert Juergen10, Oaie Gheorge11, Piera Jaume4, Radulescu Vlad12, Rolin Jean-Francois2, Ruhl Henry A.9, Waldmann Christoph13|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : EMSO Italia, JRU, INGV, Rome, Italy.
2 : CNRS, IPGP, IFREMER, F-75700 Paris, France.
3 : Istanbul Tech Univ, Eastern Mediterranean Ctr Oceanog & Limnol TU EMC, Istanbul, Turkey.
4 : Univ Politecn Cataluna, Ocean Platform Canary Isl PLOCAN, UTM CSIC, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.
5 : Portuguese Sea & Atmosphere Inst IPMA, Lisbon, Portugal.
6 : Stichting Koninldijk Nederlands Inst Onderzoek Ze, Utrecht, Netherlands.
7 : Marine Inst IMI, Galway, Ireland.
8 : Univ Gothenburg, UGOT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
9 : NOCS, Liverpool, Merseyside, England.
10 : Univ Tromsoe UIT, Tromso, Norway.
11 : HCMR, Athens, Greece.
12 : Inst Natl Cercetare, Dezvoltare Pentru Geol & Geoecol Marina GeoEcoMar, Bucharest, Romania.
13 : German Marine Res Consortium KDM, Berlin, Germany.
|Source||Marine Technology Society Journal (0025-3324) (Marine Technology Soc Inc), 2016-05 , Vol. 50 , N. 3 , P. 8-15|
|WOS© Times Cited||7|
|Note||“The Marine Technology Society is a not-for-profit, international, professional association. Founded in 1963, the Society believes that the advancement of marine technology and the productive, sustainable use of the oceans depend upon the active exchange of ideas between government, industry and academia. See www.mtsociety.org.”|
|Keyword(s)||Ocean Observatory Consortium, Europe, geohazards, Climate change, ecosystems|
|Abstract||The European Multidisciplinary Seafloor and water-column Observatory (EMSO) European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ERIC) provides power, communications, sensors, and data infrastructure for continuous, high-resolution, (near-)real-time, interactive ocean observations across a multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary range of research areas including biology, geology, chemistry, physics, engineering, and computer science, from polar to subtropical environments, through the water column down to the abyss. Eleven deep-sea and four shallow nodes span from the Arctic through the Atlantic and Mediterranean, to the Black Sea. Coordination among the consortium nodes is being strengthened through the EMSOdev project (H2020), which will produce the EMSO Generic Instrument Module (EGIM). Early installations are now being upgraded, for example, at the Ligurian, Ionian, Azores, and Porcupine Abyssal Plain (PAP) nodes. Significant findings have been flowing in over the years; for example, high-frequency surface and subsurface water-column measurements of the PAP node show an increase in seawater pCO2 (from 339 μatm in 2003 to 353 μatm in 2011) with little variability in the mean air-sea CO2 flux. In the Central Eastern Atlantic, the Oceanic Platform of the Canary Islands open-ocean canary node (aka ESTOC station) has a long-standing time series on water column physical, biogeochemical, and acidification processes that have contributed to the assessment efforts of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). EMSO not only brings together countries and disciplines but also allows the pooling of resources and coordination to assemble harmonized data into a comprehensive regional ocean picture, which will then be made available to researchers and stakeholders worldwide on an open and interoperable access basis.|