Antimicrobial Compounds from Eukaryotic Microalgae against Human Pathogens and Diseases in Aquaculture

Type Article
Date 2016-09
Language English
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Author(s) Falaise Charlotte1, Francois CyrilleORCID2, Travers Marie-AgnesORCID2, Morga BenjaminORCID2, Haure JoelORCID2, Tremblay Rejean3, Turcotte Francois3, Pasetto Pamela4, Gastineau Romain1, Hardivillier Yann1, Leignel Vincent1, Mouget Jean-Luc1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Maine, CNRS, FR 3473, IUML Mer Mol Sante MMS, Ave O Messiaen, F-72085 Le Mans, France.
2 : IFREMER, SG2M, LGPMM, Ave Mus Loup, F-17390 La Tremblade, France.
3 : Univ Quebec, Inst Sci Mer Rimouski, 310 Ursulines, Rimouski, PQ G5L 3A1, Canada.
4 : Univ Maine, CNRS, UMR 6283, IMMM, Ave O Messiaen, F-72085 Le Mans, France.
Source Marine Drugs (1660-3397) (Mdpi Ag), 2016-09 , Vol. 14 , N. 9 , P. 159 (1-27)
DOI 10.3390/md14090159
WOS© Times Cited 127
Note This article belongs to the collection Bioactive Compounds from Marine Plankton
Keyword(s) biological activity, antimicrobial, antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, biological activity, Haslea, microalgae, sustainable aquaculture
Abstract The search for novel compounds of marine origin has increased in the last decades for their application in various areas such as pharmaceutical, human or animal nutrition, cosmetics or bioenergy. In this context of blue technology development, microalgae are of particular interest due to their immense biodiversity and their relatively simple growth needs. In this review, we discuss about the promising use of microalgae and microalgal compounds as sources of natural antibiotics against human pathogens but also about their potential to limit microbial infections in aquaculture. An alternative to conventional antibiotics is needed as the microbial resistance to these drugs is increasing in humans and animals. Furthermore, using natural antibiotics for livestock could meet the consumer demand to avoid chemicals in food, would support a sustainable aquaculture and present the advantage of being environmentally friendly. Using natural and renewable microalgal compounds is still in its early days, but considering the important research development and rapid improvement in culture, extraction and purification processes, the valorization of microalgae will surely extend in the future.
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Falaise Charlotte, Francois Cyrille, Travers Marie-Agnes, Morga Benjamin, Haure Joel, Tremblay Rejean, Turcotte Francois, Pasetto Pamela, Gastineau Romain, Hardivillier Yann, Leignel Vincent, Mouget Jean-Luc (2016). Antimicrobial Compounds from Eukaryotic Microalgae against Human Pathogens and Diseases in Aquaculture. Marine Drugs, 14(9), 159 (1-27). Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :