Interglacial responses of the southern Greenland ice sheet over the last 430,000 years determined using particle-size specific magnetic and isotopic tracers

Type Article
Date 2016-11
Language English
Author(s) Hatfield Robert G.1, Reyes Alberto V.2, 3, Stoner Joseph S.1, Carlson Anders E.1, 3, Beard Brian L.3, Winsor Kelsey3, 4, Welke Bethany3
Affiliation(s) 1 : Oregon State Univ, Coll Earth Ocean & Atmospher Sci, Corvallis, OR 97331 USA.
2 : Univ Alberta, Dept Earth & Atmospher Sci, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E3, Canada.
3 : Univ Wisconsin, Dept Geosci, 1215 West Dayton St, Madison, WI 53706 USA.
4 : Univ Massachusetts, Dept Environm Earth & Atmospher Sci, Lowell, MA 01854 USA.
Source Earth And Planetary Science Letters (0012-821X) (Elsevier Science Bv), 2016-11 , Vol. 454 , P. 225-236
DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2016.09.014
WOS© Times Cited 25
Keyword(s) South Greenland ice sheet, sediment tracing, radiogenic isotopes, magnetic properties, quaternary climate change, sea-level rise
Abstract The past behavior of the Greenland ice sheet can provide important insight into climatic thresholds that may initiate and drive major ice-sheet retreat. Particle-size-specific magnetic and Sr–Nd–Pb isotope records from Eirik Ridge sediments south of Greenland track southern Greenland ice sheet (sGIS) erosional signatures over the past ∼430 ka by discriminating changes in sediment source and transport over the Eirik Ridge. Ground-truthed magnetic and isotopic compositions of subglacial silt from south Greenland's Precambrian bedrock terranes constrain independent magnetic and isotopic estimates of Eirik Ridge silt provenance, which in turn indicate that the southern Greenland ice sheet (sGIS) retreated within its present margin during three of the four previous interglaciations over the past ∼430 ka. Retreat of the sGIS was extensive during the Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5e, 9, and 11 interglaciations, continuing unabated despite declining insolation during MIS 5e and 9, with near complete deglaciation in MIS 11. Retreat of the sGIS during MIS 7 was minimal, notwithstanding strong insolation forcing, while Holocene retreat slowed shortly after peak insolation. The reconstruction of sGIS retreat during the last five deglacial and interglacial periods suggests that a threshold for extensive sGIS retreat exists between the insolation and CO2 states of the Holocene and the MIS 5e and 9 interglaciations, with CO2 exerting a stronger control on sGIS retreat than insolation. Our results also suggest that the extent and stability of the sGIS in the Holocene is anomalous in the context of late-Quaternary interglaciations.
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Hatfield Robert G., Reyes Alberto V., Stoner Joseph S., Carlson Anders E., Beard Brian L., Winsor Kelsey, Welke Bethany (2016). Interglacial responses of the southern Greenland ice sheet over the last 430,000 years determined using particle-size specific magnetic and isotopic tracers. Earth And Planetary Science Letters, 454, 225-236. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2016.09.014 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00353/46384/