Interactions between oceans and societies in 2030: challenges and issues for research

Type Article
Date 2016-11
Language English
Author(s) Lacroix Denis1, David Bernard2, Lamblin Veronique3, De Menthiere Nicolas4, De Lattre-Gasquet Marie5, Guigon Antoine6, Jannes-Ober Emmanuelle4, Hervieu Halvard7, Potier Francoise8, Ragain Gilles9, Hoummady Moussa10
Affiliation(s) 1 : Inst Francais Rech Exploitat Mer, 171 Ave J Monnet, F-34203 Sete, France.
2 : Commissariat Energie Atom, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France.
3 : Futuribles, 47,Rue Babylone, F-75007 Paris, France.
4 : Inst Natl Rech Sci & Technol Environm & Agr, 1,Rue Pierre Gilles de Gennes CS 10030, F-92761 Antony, France.
5 : Ctr Int Rech Agri & Dev, 42,Rue Scheffer, F-75116 Paris, France.
6 : Onera French Aerosp Lab, Chemin Huniere, F-91761 Palaiseau, France.
7 : Minist Environm Dev Durable & Energie, 246,Bld St Germain, F-75007 Paris, France.
8 : Inst Francais Sci & Technol Transports Amenagemen, 14-20 Blvd Newton Cite Descartes,Champs Marne, F-74470 Marne La Vallee 2, France.
9 : Ctr Natl Etud Spatiales, 2,Pl Maurice Quentin, F-75001 Paris, France.
10 : Bur Rech Geol & Minieres, 3,Ave Claude Guillemin, F-45100 Orleans, France.
Source European Journal Of Futures Research (2195-4194) (Springer Heidelberg), 2016-11 , Vol. 4 , N. 11 , P. 1-15
DOI 10.1007/s40309-016-0089-x
WOS© Times Cited 3
Keyword(s) Ocean, Society, Marine resources, Maritime economy, Law of the sea, Foresight
Abstract The perception of ocean areas by policy-makers or by people, living or not on the coast, has significantly varied over centuries. Due to its vastness and complexity, the sea has been studied within distinct academic disciplines. However, the current issues related to the sea, such as climate change, marine pollution or coastal tourism, require an integrated vision of the assets and drawbacks in order to meet the challenges arising from human activities both at sea and onshore. In this study, a group of foresight officers from the French network of public research institutes decided to cross-check and compare several science approaches (biology, sociology, economics, etc) about oceans. Thus, 11 sectors of maritime activity (transportation, fisheries, energy, etc.) were cross-tabulated with 9 basic social functions (providing food, housing, learning, etc.). In this matrix, the main challenges and issues projected for 2030 were sought, in the frame of a baseline scenario. Results were clustered through 4 criteria, leading to 9 major challenges, each of them broken down into two important issues for research. The outcomes were used to create a survey, allowing the ranking of the research priorities. Most of the 9 challenges tally with the research and development objectives of great maritime states, except for governance and monitoring, which remain underscored. As a result, maritime powers still show more interest on securing national resources rather than on promoting international cooperation for secure trade and sustainable exploitation of marine resources. But foresight in this field could help changing the mentalities notably because oceans show clearly now to be a vital common good for mankind.
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Lacroix Denis, David Bernard, Lamblin Veronique, De Menthiere Nicolas, De Lattre-Gasquet Marie, Guigon Antoine, Jannes-Ober Emmanuelle, Hervieu Halvard, Potier Francoise, Ragain Gilles, Hoummady Moussa (2016). Interactions between oceans and societies in 2030: challenges and issues for research. European Journal Of Futures Research, 4(11), 1-15. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1007/s40309-016-0089-x , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00358/46900/