Decline of cold-water fish species in the Bay of Somme (English Channel, France) in response to ocean warming

Type Article
Date 2017-04
Language English
Author(s) Auber ArnaudORCID1, Gohin Francis2, Goascoz Nicolas3, Schlaich Ivan3
Affiliation(s) 1 : IFREMER, Lab Ressources Halieut, 150 Quai Gambetta,BP699, F-62321 Boulogne Sur Mer, France.
2 : IFREMER, Dept Dynam Environm Cotier, Ctr Ifremer Brest, BP 70, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
3 : IFREMER, Lab Ressources Halieut, Ave Gen Gaulle,BP32, F-14520 Port En Bessin, France.
Source Estuarine Coastal And Shelf Science (0272-7714) (Academic Press Ltd- Elsevier Science Ltd), 2017-04 , Vol. 189 , P. 189-202
DOI 10.1016/j.ecss.2017.03.010
WOS© Times Cited 12
Abstract A growing number of studies have documented increasing dominance of warm-water fish species (“tropicalisation”) in response to ocean warming. Such reorganization of communities is starting to occur in a multitude of local ecosystems, implying that tropicalisation of marine communities could become a global phenomenon. Using 32 years of trawl surveys in the Bay of Somme (English Channel, France), we aimed to investigate the existence of a tropicalisation in the fish community at the local scale of the estuary during the mid-1990s, a period where an exceptional temperature rise occurred in Northeast Atlantic. A long-term response occurred (with a major transition over 6 years) that was characterized by a marked diminution in the abundance of cold-water species in parallel to a temperature rise generated by the ocean-scale phenomenon, the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation, which switched from a cool to a warm phase during the late 1990s. Despite finding no significant increase in the dominance of warm-water species, the long-term diminution of cold-water species suggests that the restructuring of the fish community was mainly influenced by global-scale environmental conditions rather than local ones and that indirect effects may also occurred through biological interactions.
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