Underwater Wireless Optical Communications Using Silicon Photo-Multipliers

Type Article
Date 2017-08
Language English
Author(s) Khalighi Mohammad-Ali1, Hamza Tasnim1, 2, Bourennane Salah1, Leon Pierre2, Opderbecke Jan2
Affiliation(s) 1 : Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, Inst Fresnel, Cent Marseille, Marseille, France.
2 : IFREMER, Res Inst, F-83500 La Seyne Sur Mer, France.
Source Ieee Photonics Journal (1943-0655) (Ieee-inst Electrical Electronics Engineers Inc), 2017-08 , Vol. 9 , N. 4 , P. 7905310 (1-11)
DOI 10.1109/JPHOT.2017.2726565
WOS© Times Cited 51
Keyword(s) Underwater wireless optical communications, Silicon photo-multiplier, singlephoton avalanche diode, photo-multiplier tube, underwater optical channel

We study the use of Silicon photo-multipliers (SiPMs) for underwater wireless optical communications (UWOC) and discuss their main interests and drawbacks, compared with photo-multiplier tubes. This comparison is mainly based on practical considerations regarding system implementation and the attainable link span. Presenting an appropriate model for signal attenuation in water and considering the simple On-Off keying modulation, we bring clearance on the real interest of using an SiPM in the UWOC context. We also elucidate the main drawbacks of these components in practice, in particular, regarding the limitation on the transmission data rate, as well as the nonlinear distortion caused on the received signal in relatively short ranges, where the signal intensity is too large.

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