Aquaculture and marine protected areas: Potential opportunities and synergies

Type Article
Date 2017-09
Language English
Author(s) Le Gouvello Raphaela1, 2, Hochart Laure-Elise2, Laffoley Dan3, Simard Francois2, Andrade Carlos4, Angel Dror5, Callier MyriamORCID6, de Monbrison David7, Fezzardi Davide8, Haroun Ricardo9, Harris Alasdair10, Hughes Adam11, Massa Fabio12, Roque D'Orbcastel Emmanuelle6, Soto Doris13, Stead Selina14, Marino Giovanna15
Affiliation(s) 1 : STERMOR IUCN Expert & AMURE UBO, Paris, France.
2 : IUCN, Global Marine & Polar Programme, Gland, Switzerland.
3 : IUCN, World Commiss Protected Areas, Gland, Switzerland.
4 : Ctr Maricultura Calheta, Madeira, Portugal.
5 : Univ Haifa, Haifa, Israel.
6 : IFREMER, UMR MARBEC, F-34250 Palavas Les Flots, France.
7 : BRL Ingn, Nimes, France.
8 : Food & Agr Org United Nations, Rome, Italy.
9 : Univ Las Palmas Gran Canaria, ECOAQUA, Las Palmas Gran Canaria, Spain.
10 : Blue Ventures, London, England.
11 : SAMS, London, England.
12 : Food & Agr Org United Nations, Gen Fisheries Commiss Mediterranean, Rome, Italy.
13 : INCAR, Santiago, Chile.
14 : Newcastle Univ, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne & Wear, England.
15 : ISPRA, Rome, Italy.
Source Aquatic Conservation-marine And Freshwater Ecosystems (1052-7613) (Wiley), 2017-09 , Vol. 27 , N. S1 , P. 138-150
DOI 10.1002/aqc.2821
WOS© Times Cited 28
Note Special Issue: From Science to Solutions: The MPA Legacy from the 2016 Hawai'i World Conservation Congress. The production of the Supplement was supported with financial contributions from NOAA/National Marine Sanctuaries, Agence des aires marines protégées and the France-IUCN partnership for Nature and Development
Keyword(s) aquaculture, ecosystem approach, environmental impact assessment, littoral, marine protected area, ocean, sublittoral
Abstract

To meet the Convention on Biological Diversity's Aichi Target 11 on marine biodiversity protection and Aichi Target 6 on sustainable fisheries by 2020, as well as the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2 on food security and SDG 14 on oceans by 2030, there is an urgent need to rethink how best to reconcile nature conservation and sustainable development.

This paper argues for effective governance to support processes that apply principles of sustainable development and an ecosystem approach to decide about economic activities at sea such as aquaculture. It describes opportunities, benefits and synergies between aquaculture and MPAs as a basis for wider debate. The scope is not a comprehensive analysis of aquaculture and MPAs, but rather to present examples of positive interactions between aquaculture activities and MPAs. The unintended negative consequences are also discussed to present balanced arguments.

This work draws from four workshops held in 2015 and 2016 and used to collect information from about 100 experts representing various sectors and perspectives.

It is recognized that aquaculture is an important activity in terms of sustainable development. It can play a role in providing food security, poverty alleviation and economic resilience, in particular for MPA local communities, and contribute to wild stock enhancement, as an alternative to overfishing and for providing services to the ecosystem.

This study showed that there is a need from both aquaculture and MPA sides for clarity of objectives and willingness for open and extensive dialogue. The paper concludes by describing a number of tools and methods for supporting greater synergies between aquaculture and MPAs.

The results from this work have already helped to build a common understanding between conservation and aquaculture and initiate a rapprochement for increasing synergies.

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Le Gouvello Raphaela, Hochart Laure-Elise, Laffoley Dan, Simard Francois, Andrade Carlos, Angel Dror, Callier Myriam, de Monbrison David, Fezzardi Davide, Haroun Ricardo, Harris Alasdair, Hughes Adam, Massa Fabio, Roque D'Orbcastel Emmanuelle, Soto Doris, Stead Selina, Marino Giovanna (2017). Aquaculture and marine protected areas: Potential opportunities and synergies. Aquatic Conservation-marine And Freshwater Ecosystems, 27(S1), 138-150. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1002/aqc.2821 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00398/50969/