The One Health Concept: 10 Years Old and a Long Road Ahead

Type Article
Date 2018-02
Language English
Author(s) Destoumieux-Garzon DelphineORCID1, Mavingui Patrick2, 3, Boetsch Gilles4, 5, 6, Boissier Jerome7, Darriet Frederic8, Duboz Priscilla4, 5, 6, Fritsch Clementine9, Giraudoux PatrickORCID9, 10, Le Roux Frederique11, Morand SergeORCID12, 13, Paillard Christine14, Pontier Dominique15, 16, Sueur CedricORCID17, Voituron Yann18
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Montpellier, IHPE, CNRS, UMR5244,Univ Perpignan Via Domitia,Ifremer, Montpellier, France.
2 : Univ La Reunion, UMR PIMIT Proc Infect Milieu Insulaire Trop, INSERM 1187, CNRS 9192,IRD 249, St Clotilde, La Reunion, Reunion.
3 : Claude Bernard Univ Lyon 1, Univ Lyon, UMR Ecol Microbienne, CNRS,INRA,VetAgro Sup, Villeurbanne, France.
4 : Cheikh Anta Diop Univ, UMI Environm Sante Soc 3189, Fac Med, Dakar, Senegal.
5 : CNRS, Tessekere Int Human Environm Observ Labex DRIIM, Dakar, Senegal.
6 : Cheikh Anta Diop Univ, Dakar, Senegal.
7 : Univ Montpellier, Univ Perpignan Via Domitia, IHPE, UMR5244,CNRS,Ifremer, Perpignan, France.
8 : Univ Montpellier, Inst Rech Dev, MIVEGEC, CNRS, Montpellier, France.
9 : Univ Bourgogne Franche Comte Usc, Lab Chronoenvironm, UMR 6249, CNRS,INRA, Besancon, France.
10 : Inst Univ France, Paris, France.
11 : IFREMER, Unite Physiol Fonct Organismes Marins, Plouzane, France.
12 : Univ Montpellier, Inst Sci Evolut ISEM, UMR 5554, CNRS,CIRAD,IRD,EPHE, Montpellier, France.
13 : CIRAD, UPR ASTRE, Montpellier, France.
14 : Univ Bretagne Occidentale, Lab Sci Environm Marin LEMAR, Inst Univ Europeen Mer, UMR 6539,CNRS,UBO,IRD,Ifremer, Plouzane, France.
15 : Univ Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Univ Lyon, Lab Biometrie & Biol Evolut UMR5558, CNRS, Villeurbanne, France.
16 : Univ Lyon, LabEx Ecofect, Ecoevolutionary Dynam Infect Dis, Lyon, France.
17 : Univ Strasbourg, CNRS, IPHC, UMR 7178, Strasbourg, France.
18 : Univ Claude Bernard Lyon1, Lab Ecol Hydrosyst Nat & Anthropises, Univ Lyon, UMR 5023,CNRS, Villeurbanne, France.
Source Frontiers In Veterinary Science (2297-1769) (Frontiers Media Sa), 2018-02 , Vol. 5 , N. 14 , P. 13p.
DOI 10.3389/fvets.2018.00014
WOS© Times Cited 295
Keyword(s) One health, EcoHealth, infectious disease, non-communicable disease, multifactorial disease, ecotoxicology, interdisciplinary research, public health

Over the past decade, a significant increase in the circulation of infectious agents was observed. With the spread and emergence of epizootics, zoonoses, and epidemics, the risks of pandemics became more and more critical. Human and animal health has also been threatened by antimicrobial resistance, environmental pollution, and the development of multifactorial and chronic diseases. This highlighted the increasing globalization of health risks and the importance of the human–animal–ecosystem interface in the evolution and emergence of pathogens. A better knowledge of causes and consequences of certain human activities, lifestyles, and behaviors in ecosystems is crucial for a rigorous interpretation of disease dynamics and to drive public policies. As a global good, health security must be understood on a global scale and from a global and crosscutting perspective, integrating human health, animal health, plant health, ecosystems health, and biodiversity. In this study, we discuss how crucial it is to consider ecological, evolutionary, and environmental sciences in understanding the emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases and in facing the challenges of antimicrobial resistance. We also discuss the application of the “One Health” concept to non-communicable chronic diseases linked to exposure to multiple stresses, including toxic stress, and new lifestyles. Finally, we draw up a list of barriers that need removing and the ambitions that we must nurture for the effective application of the “One Health” concept. We conclude that the success of this One Health concept now requires breaking down the interdisciplinary barriers that still separate human and veterinary medicine from ecological, evolutionary, and environmental sciences. The development of integrative approaches should be promoted by linking the study of factors underlying stress responses to their consequences on ecosystem functioning and evolution. This knowledge is required for the development of novel control strategies inspired by environmental mechanisms leading to desired equilibrium and dynamics in healthy ecosystems and must provide in the near future a framework for more integrated operational initiatives.

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Destoumieux-Garzon Delphine, Mavingui Patrick, Boetsch Gilles, Boissier Jerome, Darriet Frederic, Duboz Priscilla, Fritsch Clementine, Giraudoux Patrick, Le Roux Frederique, Morand Serge, Paillard Christine, Pontier Dominique, Sueur Cedric, Voituron Yann (2018). The One Health Concept: 10 Years Old and a Long Road Ahead. Frontiers In Veterinary Science, 5(14), 13p. Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :