Overview of the Arctic Sea State and Boundary Layer Physics Program
|Author(s)||Thomson Jim1, Ackley Stephen2, Girard-Ardhuin Fanny3, Ardhuin Fabrice24, Babanin Alex4, Boutin Guillaume24, Brozena John5, Cheng Sukun6, Collins Clarence7, Doble Martin8, Fairall Chris9, 10, Guest Peter11, Gebhardt Claus12, Gemmrich Johannes13, Graber Hans C.14, Holt Benjamin15, Lehner Susanne12, Lund Bjorn14, Meylan Michael H.16, Maksym Ted17, Montiel Fabien18, Perrie Will19, 20, Persson Ola9, 10, Rainville Luc1, Rogers W. Erick21, Shen Hui19, 20, Shen Hayley6, Squire Vernon18, Stammerjohn Sharon22, Stopa Justin3, Smith Madison M.1, Sutherland Peter3, Wadhams Peter23|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Univ Washington, Appl Phys Lab, Seattle, WA 98105 USA.
2 : UTSA, Snow & Ice Geophys Lab, San Antonio, TX USA.
3 : Univ Brest, CNRS, IFREMER, IRD,LOPS,IUEM, Brest, France.
4 : Univ Melbourne, Dept Ocean Engn, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.
5 : Naval Res Lab, Marine Geosci Div, Washington, DC 20375 USA.
6 : Clarkson Univ, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, Potsdam, NY USA.
7 : US Army, Coastal & Hydraul Lab, Engineer Res & Dev Ctr, Duck, NC USA.
8 : Polar Sci Ltd, Appin, Argyll, Scotland.
9 : Univ Colorado, CIRES, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.
10 : NOAA, Phys Sci Div, Boulder, CO USA.
11 : US Navy, Postgrad Sch, Dept Meteorol, Monterey, CA 93943 USA.
12 : German Aerosp Ctr DLR, SAR Oceanog, Bremen, Germany.
13 : Univ Victoria, Phys & Astron, Victoria, BC, Canada.
14 : Univ Miami, CSTARS, Miami, FL USA.
15 : CALTECH, Jet Prop Lab, Pasadena, CA USA.
16 : Univ Newcastle, Sch Math & Phys Sci, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.
17 : Woods Hole Oceanog Inst, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA.
18 : Univ Otago, Dept Math & Stat, Dunedin, New Zealand.
19 : Fisheries & Oceans Canada, Dartmouth, NS, Canada.
20 : Bedford Inst Oceanog, Dartmouth, NS, Canada.
21 : Naval Res Lab, Hancock, MS USA.
22 : Univ Colorado Boulder, Inst Arctic & Alpine Res, Boulder, CO USA.
23 : Univ Cambridge, Dept Appl Math & Theoret Phys, Cambridge, England.
|Source||Journal Of Geophysical Research-oceans (2169-9275) (Amer Geophysical Union), 2018-12 , Vol. 123 , N. 12 , P. 8674-8687|
|WOS© Times Cited||72|
|Note||This article also appears in: Sea State and Boundary Layer Physics of the Emerging Arctic Ocean|
|Keyword(s)||Arctic, waves, autumn, sea ice, Beaufort, flux|
A large collaborative program has studied the coupled air‐ice‐ocean‐wave processes occurring in the Arctic during the autumn ice advance. The program included a field campaign in the western Arctic during the autumn of 2015, with in situ data collection and both aerial and satellite remote sensing. Many of the analyses have focused on using and improving forecast models. Summarizing and synthesizing the results from a series of separate papers, the overall view is of an Arctic shifting to a more seasonal system. The dramatic increase in open water extent and duration in the autumn means that large surface waves and significant surface heat fluxes are now common. When refreezing finally does occur, it is a highly variable process in space and time. Wind and wave events drive episodic advances and retreats of the ice edge, with associated variations in sea ice formation types (e.g., pancakes, nilas). This variability becomes imprinted on the winter ice cover, which in turn affects the melt season the following year.