Platinum in sediments and mussels from the northwestern Mediterranean coast: temporal and spatial aspects
|Author(s)||Abdou Melina1, Schafer Jorg1, Hu Ruoyu1, Gil-Diaz Teba1, Garnier Cedric2, Brach-Papa Christophe3, Chiffoleau Jean-Francois3, Charmasson Sabine4, Giner Franck4, Dutruch Lionel1, Blanc Gerard1|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Univ Bordeaux, UMR CNRS EPOC 5805, F-33615 Pessac, France.
2 : Univ Sud Toulon Var, Lab PROTEE, BP 20132, F-83957 La Garde, France.
3 : IFREMER, LBCM, Ctr Atlantique, Rue Ile dYeu, F-44311 Nantes, France.
4 : CM CADARACHE, PSE ENV SRTE LRTA, IRSN, F-13115 St Paul Les Durance, France.
|Source||Chemosphere (0045-6535) (Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd), 2019-01 , Vol. 215 , P. 783-792|
|WOS© Times Cited||8|
|Keyword(s)||Platinum, Sediments, Mussels, Biomonitoring, Mediterranean coast|
Platinum (Pt) is considered a Technology Critical Element (TCE) and an emerging metallic contaminant with increasing release into the environment. Gaps in knowledge and understanding of environmental levels, fate and effects of Pt still exist, especially in the marine environment. This work presents Pt concentrations in the northwestern Mediterranean coast including: (i) temporal variability from sediment cores and farmed mussels in the Toulon Bay (historically affected by intense human activities) and (ii) spatial distribution from recent wild mussels collected along ∼ 300 km coastline with contrasting ecosystems (including natural reserves), quantified using voltammetry and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. The historical (> 100 years) record of Pt in sediments from the Toulon Bay suggests the existence of non-negligible Pt sources older than those related to vehicle emission devices, such as petrol industry and coal-fired activities. A strong Pt increase in more recent sediments (from ∼ 12 to 16 ng.g-1) and mussels (8-fold increase from ∼ 0.12 to 0.80 ng.g-1) covering the past 25 years reflect the overall evolution of Pt demand in Europe (∼ 20-fold increase for vehicle catalysts in 20 years). Spatial biomonitoring of Pt in mussels along the northwestern Mediterranean coast is assumed to reflect inter-sites differences of Pt exposure (0.09 to 0.66 ng.g-1) despite seasonal effect on tissue development. This study highlights the need for thorough and regular monitoring of Pt levels in sediments and biota from urbanized coastal areas in order to better assess the environmental impact of this TCE, including potential risks for marine organisms.