Lithospheric structuration onshore-offshore of the Sergipe-Alagoas passive margin, NE Brazil, based on wide-angle seismic data

The structure and nature of the crust underlying the Camamu-Almada-Jequitinhonha-Sergipe-Alagoas basins System, in the NE Brazilian margin, were investigated based on the interpretation of 12 wide-angle seismic profiles acquired during the SALSA (Sergipe ALagoas Seismic Acquisition) experiment in 2014. In this work, we present two 220-km-long NW-SE combined wide-angle and reflection seismic profiles, SL 01 and SL 02, that have been acquired using 15 ocean-bottom-seismometers along each profile, offshore the southern part of the Sergipe Alagoas Basin (SAB), north of the Vaza-Barris Transfer zone. The SL 02 has a 150-km long inland continuation with 20 land-seismic-stations until the Sergipano Fold Belt (SFB). Wide-angle seismic forward modeling allows us to precisely divide the crust in three domains: beneath the continental shelf, a ∼100 km wide necking zone is imaged where the continental crust thins from ∼35 km on the Unthinned Continental Domain, which displays a three-layered crust structure, to less than 8 km on the Oceanic Crust Domain. In the necking zone, the upper and the middle layers thin dramatically and almost disappear, while the Moho discontinuity shows clear PmPs. The Continental-Oceanic Crust Boundary (COB) is located at ∼80 km from the coastline and is marked by intracrustal seismic reflectors and changes in the seismic velocity, showing a sharp transition. On profile SL02, the oceanic crust is perturbed by a volcanic edifice together with an anomalous velocity zone underneath the area.


South Atlantic ocean, NE Brazil, Sergipe-Alagoas basin, Passive margins, Wide-angle refraction seismics, Crustal structure, Tectonic inheritance

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Pinheiro Joao Marcelo, Schnurle Philippe, Evain Mikael, Afilhado A., Gallais Flora, Klingelhoefer Frauke, Loureiro Afonso, Fuck R., Soares J., Cupertino J. A., Viana A., Rabineau Marina, Baltzer Agnes, Benabdellouahed Massinissa, Dias N., Moulin Maryline, Aslanian Daniel, Morvan Laetitia, Maze Jean-Pierre, Pierre Delphine, Pitel-Roudaut Mathilde, Rio I, Alves D., Barros Junior P., Biari Youssef, Corela C., Crozon Jacques, Duarte J. L., Ducatel Cecile, Falcao C., Fernagu Philippe, Le Piver David, Mokeddem Zohra, Pelleau Pascal, Rigoti C., Roest Walter, Roudaut Mickael (2018). Lithospheric structuration onshore-offshore of the Sergipe-Alagoas passive margin, NE Brazil, based on wide-angle seismic data. Journal Of South American Earth Sciences. 88. 649-672.,

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