Using sentinel-1A SAR wind retrievals for enhancing scatterometer and radiometer regional wind analyses

Type Article
Date 2019-02
Language English
Author(s) Bentamy Abderrahim1, Mouche Alexis1, Grouazel AntoineORCID1, Moujane Abderrahim2, Mohamed Ait Ahmed1, 2
Affiliation(s) 1 : IFREMER, LOPS, Plouzane, France.
2 : DMN, Serv Exploitat Meteorol, Casablanca, Morocco.
Source International Journal Of Remote Sensing (0143-1161) (Taylor & Francis Ltd), 2019-02 , Vol. 40 , N. 3 , P. 1120-1147
DOI 10.1080/01431161.2018.1524174
WOS© Times Cited 1
Abstract

Scatterometer surface wind speed and direction observations in combination with radiometer wind speeds allow to generate surface wind analyses with high space and time resolutions over global as well as at regional scales. Regarding scatterometer sampling schemes and physics, the resulting surface wind analyses suffer from lack of accuracy in areas near coasts. The use of the synthetic aperture radar (SAR) onboard the Sentinel-1A satellite attempts to address the enhancement of surface wind analyses issues. In this study, SAR wind speeds and directions retrieved from backscatter coefficients acquired in interferometric wide (IW) swath mode are used. Their accuracy is determined through comprehensive comparisons with moored buoy wind measurements. SAR and buoy winds agree well at offshore and nearshore locations. The statistics characterizing the comparison of SAR and buoy wind speeds and directions are of the same order as those obtained from scatterometer (Advanced SCATterometer (ASCAT) and RapidScat) and buoy wind comparisons. The main discrepancy between SAR and buoy data are found for high wind speeds. SAR wind speeds exceeding 10 m s–1 tend to be underestimated. A similar conclusion is drawn from SAR and scatterometer wind speed comparisons. It is based on the underestimation of SAR backscatter coefficient (σ°) with respect to σ° estimated from scatterometer winds and the geophysical model function (GMF) named CMOD-IFR2 (Ifremer C band MODel). New SAR wind speeds are retrieved using CMOD-IFR2. The corrected SAR retrievals allow better determination of the spatial characteristics of surface wind speeds and of the related wind components in near-coast areas. They are used for enhancing the determination of the spatial structure function required for the estimation of wind fields gridded in space and time at the regional scale. The resulting wind fields are only determined from scatterometer wind observations in combination with radiometer retrievals. Their qualities are determined through comparisons with SAR wind speeds and directions, and through their application for determination of wind power off Brittany coasts.

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