Domestication and Temperature Modulate Gene Expression Signatures and Growth in the Australasian Snapper Chrysophrys auratus

Type Article
Date 2019-01
Language English
Author(s) Wellenreuther Maren1, 2, Le Luyer JeremyORCID3, 4, Cook Denham1, Ritchie Peter A.5, Bernatchez Louis3
Affiliation(s) 1 : New Zealand Inst Plant & Food Res Ltd, Nelson, New Zealand.
2 : Univ Auckland, Sch Biol Sci, Auckland, New Zealand.
3 : Univ Laval, IBIS, Pavillon Charles Eugene Marchand, Quebec City, PQ, Canada.
4 : IFREMER, Ctr Ifremer Pacifique, Ecosyst Insulaires Oceaniens, UMR 241, BP 49, F-98725 Tahiti, France.
5 : Victoria Univ Wellington, Sch Biol Sci, Wellington, New Zealand.
Source G3-genes Genomes Genetics (2160-1836) (Genetics Society America), 2019-01 , Vol. 9 , N. 1 , P. 105-116
DOI 10.1534/g3.118.200647
WOS© Times Cited 11
Keyword(s) Domestication, Temperature, Transcriptomics, Growth, Sparidae
Abstract

Identifying genes and pathways involved in domestication is critical to understand how species change in response to human-induced selection pressures, such as increased temperatures. Given the profound influence of temperature on fish metabolism and organismal performance, a comparison of how temperature affects wild and domestic strains of snapper is an important question to address. We experimentally manipulated temperature conditions for F1-hatchery and wild Australasian snapper (Chrysophrys auratus) for 18 days to mimic seasonal extremes and measured differences in growth, white muscle RNA transcription and hematological parameters. Over 2.2 Gb paired-end reads were assembled de novo for a total set of 33,017 transcripts (N50 = 2,804). We found pronounced growth and gene expression differences between wild and domesticated individuals related to global developmental and immune pathways. Temperature-modulated growth responses were linked to major pathways affecting metabolism, cell regulation and signaling. This study is the first step toward gaining an understanding of the changes occurring in the early stages of domestication, and the mechanisms underlying thermal adaptation and associated growth in poikilothermic vertebrates. Our study further provides the first transcriptome resources for studying biological questions in this non-model fish species.

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Wellenreuther Maren, Le Luyer Jeremy, Cook Denham, Ritchie Peter A., Bernatchez Louis (2019). Domestication and Temperature Modulate Gene Expression Signatures and Growth in the Australasian Snapper Chrysophrys auratus. G3-genes Genomes Genetics, 9(1), 105-116. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1534/g3.118.200647 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00476/58788/