Tools and constraints in monitoring interactions between marine litter and megafauna: Insights from case studies around the world
|Author(s)||Claro F1, Fossi Mc2, Ioakeimidis C3, Baini M2, Lusher Al4, Mc Fee W5, McIntosh Rr6, Pelmatti T7, 8, Sorce M9, Galgani Francois10, Hardesky Bd11|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, UMS 2006 AFB MNHN CNRS CP41, 57 rue Cuvier, 75231 Paris cedex 05, France
2 : Department of Physical Sciences, Earth and Environment, University of Siena, Via P.A. Mattioli, 4, 53100 Siena, Italy
3 : Mediterranean Pollution Assessment and Control Programme (MED POL), UN Environment/Mediterranean Action Plan Coordinating Unit, Barcelona Convention Secretariat, Vas. Konstantinou 48, Athens 11635, Greece
4 : Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA), Gaustadalléen 21, NO-0349 Oslo, Norway
5 : National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Ocean Service, Charleston, SC, USA
6 : Research Department, Phillip Island Nature Parks, P.O. Box 97, Cowes, VIC 3922, Australia.
7 : Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Centro Interdisciplinario de Ciencias Marinas (CICIMAR-IPN), Av. IPN s/n, Colonia Playa Palo de Santa Rita, C.P. 23096 La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico
8 : Pelagios Kakunja A.C., Sinaloa 1540, Las Garzas, 23070 La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico
9 : Harvard University, 15 Sanger Street, Medford, MA 02155, USA.
10 : IFREMER, Immeuble Agostini, ZI Furiani, 20600 Bastia, France.
11 : CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, GPO Box 1538, Hobart, TAS, 7001, Australia
|Source||Marine Pollution Bulletin (0025-326X) (Elsevier), 2019-04 , Vol. 141 , P. 147-160|
|WOS© Times Cited||28|
|Keyword(s)||Litter impact, Megafauna, Tools, Entanglement, Ingestion, Policies|
Adverse impacts of marine litter is documented on >1400 species, including marine megafauna (fish, birds, sea turtles and mammals). The primary impacts include ingestion and entanglement, and there is increasing concern about chemical contamination via ingestion. Numerous survey approaches and monitoring programs have been developed and implemented around the world. They may aim to provide data about parameters such as species distribution and interactions with anthropogenic activities. During the Sixth International Marine Debris Conference, a session was dedicated to the tools and constraints in monitoring interactions between litter and megafauna. In the present paper, we summarize 7 case studies which discuss entanglement and ingestion including macro- and micro-debris in several taxa and across multiple geographic regions. We then discusses the importance of tools and standardizing methods for assessment and management purposes, in the context of international environmental policies and marine litter strategies.