Implementing ecological intensification in fish farming: definition and principles from contrasting experiences

Type Article
Date 2019-02
Language English
Author(s) Aubin Joel1, Callier MyriamORCID2, Rey-Valette Helene3, Mathe Syndhia4, Wilfart Aurelie1, Legendre Marc5, Slembrouck Jacques5, Caruso Domenico5, Chia Eduardo4, Masson Gerard6, Blancheton Jean-Paul2, Ediwarman 7, Haryadi Joni8, Prihadi Tri Heru8, Casaca Jorge De Matos9, Tamassia Sergio T. J.9, Tocqueville Aurelien10, Fontaine Pascal11
Affiliation(s) 1 : INRA, AGROCAMPUS OUEST, UMR, SAS, Rennes, France.
2 : Univ Montpellier, CNRS, UMR, IFREMER,MARBEC,IRD, Palavas Les Flots, France.
3 : Univ Montpellier, LAMETA, UMR, Montpellier, France.
4 : INRA, CIRAD, UMR Innovat, Montpellier, France.
5 : Univ Montpellier, CNRS, UMR, IRD,EPHE,ISE M, Montpellier, France.
6 : Univ Lorraine, LIEC, UMR, Metz, France.
7 : BBAT, Jambi, Indonesia.
8 : Agcy Marine & Fisheries Res & Dev, Jakarta, Indonesia.
9 : EPAGRI, Chapeco, SC, Brazil.
10 : ITAVI, Serv Aquaculture, Rouen, France.
11 : Univ Lorraine, INRA, USC 340, UR AFPA, Vandoeuvre Les Nancy, France.
Source Reviews In Aquaculture (1753-5123) (Wiley), 2019-02 , Vol. 11 , N. 1 , P. 149-167
DOI 10.1111/raq.12231
WOS© Times Cited 45
Keyword(s) agroecology, ecosystem services, emergy accounting, life cycle assessment, perception, system

Ecological intensification is a new concept in agriculture that addresses the double challenge of maintaining a level of production sufficient to support needs of human populations and respecting the environment in order to conserve the natural world and human quality of life. This article adapts this concept to fish farming using agroecological principles and the ecosystem services framework. The method was developed from the study of published literature and applications at four study sites chosen for their differences in production intensity: polyculture ponds in France, integrated pig and pond polyculture in Brazil, the culture of striped catfish in Indonesia and a recirculating salmon aquaculture system in France. The study of stakeholders' perceptions of ecosystem services combined with environmental assessment through Life Cycle Assessment and Emergy accounting allowed development of an assessment tool that was used as a basis for co-building evolution scenarios. From this experience, ecological intensification of aquaculture was defined as the use of ecological processes and functions to increase productivity, strengthen ecosystem services and decrease disservices. It is based on aquaecosystem and biodiversity management and the use of local and traditional knowledge. Expected consequences for farming systems consist of greater autonomy, efficiency and better integration into their surrounding territories. Ecological intensification requires territorial governance and helps improve it from a sustainable development perspective.

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Aubin Joel, Callier Myriam, Rey-Valette Helene, Mathe Syndhia, Wilfart Aurelie, Legendre Marc, Slembrouck Jacques, Caruso Domenico, Chia Eduardo, Masson Gerard, Blancheton Jean-Paul, Ediwarman, Haryadi Joni, Prihadi Tri Heru, Casaca Jorge De Matos, Tamassia Sergio T. J., Tocqueville Aurelien, Fontaine Pascal (2019). Implementing ecological intensification in fish farming: definition and principles from contrasting experiences. Reviews In Aquaculture, 11(1), 149-167. Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :