Terrestrial plant microfossils in palaeoenvironmental studies, pollen, microcharcoal and phytolith. Towards a comprehensive understanding of vegetation, fire and climate changes over the past one million years

Type Article
Date 2019-06
Language English
Author(s) Daniau Anne-Laure1, Desprat Stéphanie1, 2, Aleman Julie C.3, 5, Bremond Laurent2, 5, Davis Basil6, Fletcher William7, Marlon Jennifer R.8, Marquer Laurent9, Montade Vincent10, Morales-Molino César11, Naughton Filipa12, 13, Rius Damien14, Urrego Dunia H.15
Affiliation(s) 1 : Environnements et Paléoenvironnements Océaniques et Continentaux (EPOC), Unité Mixte de Recherche (UMR) 5805, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Université de Bordeaux, 33615 Pessac, France
2 : École Pratique des Hautes Études (EPHE), PSL Research University, 75014 Paris, France
3 : Département de Géographie, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, Succ. Centre-Ville, Montréal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada
4 : Laboratoire de Foresterie des Régions tropicales et subtropicales, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Université de Liège, Passage des Déportés 2, 5030 Gembloux, Belgium
5 : Institut des Sciences de l’Évolution – Montpellier, UMR 5554 CNRS, IRD, Université Montpellier, EPHE, 34000 Montpellier, France
6 : Institute of Earth Surface Dynamics IDYST, Faculté des Géosciences et l’Environnement, University of Lausanne, Batiment Géopolis, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
7 : Department of Geography, School of Environment, Education and Development, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, United Kingdom
8 : School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
9 : Research Group for Terrestrial Palaeoclimates, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Hahn-Meitner-Weg 1, 55128 Mainz, Germany
10 : University of Goettingen, Department of Palynology and Climate Dynamics, Albrecht-von-Haller Institute for Plant Sciences, Wilhelm-Weber-Str. 2a, 37073 Goettingen, Germany
11 : Institute of Plant Sciences and Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research, University of Bern, Altenbergrain 21, 3013 Bern, Switzerland
12 : Portuguese Sea and Atmosphere Institute (IPMA), Rua Alfredo Magalhães Ramalho 6, 1495-006 Lisboa, Portugal
13 : Center of Marine Sciences (CCMAR), Algarve University, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal
14 : Université de Franche-Comté, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Laboratoire Chrono-Environnement, Unité Mixte de Recherche (UMR) 6249, 16, route de Gray, 25030 Besançon cedex, France
15 : Geography, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Amory Building B302, Rennes Drive, Exeter EX4 4RJ, United Kingdom
Source Revue De Micropaleontologie (0035-1598) (Elsevier BV), 2019-06 , Vol. 63 , P. 1-35
DOI 10.1016/j.revmic.2019.02.001
WOS© Times Cited 6
Note 60th Anniversary special volume
Keyword(s) Pollen, Microcharcoal, Phytolith, Terrestrial and marine sedimentary archives, Vegetation, Fire, Middle Pleistocene, Last glacial period, Holocene
Abstract

The Earth has experienced large changes in global and regional climates over the past one million years. Understanding processes and feedbacks that control those past environmental changes is of great interest for better understanding the nature, direction and magnitude of current climate change, its effect on life, and on the physical, biological and chemical processes and ecosystem services important for human well-being. Microfossils from terrestrial plants – pollen, microcharcoal and phytoliths – preserved in terrestrial and marine sedimentary archives are particularly useful tools to document changes in vegetation, fire and land climate. They are well-preserved in a variety of depositional environments and provide quantitative reconstructions of past land cover and climate. Those microfossil data are widely available from public archives, and their spatial coverage includes almost all regions on Earth, including both high and low latitudes and altitudes. Here, we (i) review the laboratory procedures used to extract those microfossils from sediment for microscopic observations and the qualitative and quantitative information they provide, (ii) highlight the importance of regional and global databases for large-scale syntheses of environmental changes, and (iii) review the application of terrestrial plant microfossil records in palaeoclimatology and palaeoecology using key examples from specific regions and past periods.

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Daniau Anne-Laure, Desprat Stéphanie, Aleman Julie C., Bremond Laurent, Davis Basil, Fletcher William, Marlon Jennifer R., Marquer Laurent, Montade Vincent, Morales-Molino César, Naughton Filipa, Rius Damien, Urrego Dunia H. (2019). Terrestrial plant microfossils in palaeoenvironmental studies, pollen, microcharcoal and phytolith. Towards a comprehensive understanding of vegetation, fire and climate changes over the past one million years. Revue De Micropaleontologie, 63, 1-35. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.revmic.2019.02.001 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00485/59705/