From Observation to Information and Users: The Copernicus Marine Service Perspective

Type Article
Date 2019-05
Language English
Author(s) Le Traon Pierre-Yves1, 6, Reppucci Antonio1, Alvarez Fanjul Enrique2, Aouf Lotfi3, Behrens Arno4, Belmonte Maria5, Bentamy Abderrahim6, Bertino Laurent7, Brando Vittorio Ernesto8, Kreiner Matilde Brandt9, Benkiran Mounir1, Carval ThierryORCID6, Ciliberti Stefania A.10, Claustre Hervé11, Clementi Emanuela12, Coppini Giovanni12, Cossarini Gianpiero13, De Alfonso Alonso-Muñoyerro Marta2, Delamarche Anne1, Dibarboure Gerald14, Dinessen Frode15, Drevillon Marie1, Drillet Yann1, Faugere Yannice16, Fernández Vicente17, Fleming Andrew18, Garcia-Hermosa M. Isabel1, Sotillo Marcos García2, Garric Gilles1, Gasparin Florent1, Giordan Cedric1, Gehlen Marion19, Gregoire Marilaure L.20, Guinehut Stephanie16, Hamon Michel1, Harris Chris10, Hernandez Fabrice1, 21, Hinkler Jørgen B.9, Hoyer Jacob9, Karvonen Juha22, Kay Susan10, King Robert10, Lavergne Thomas15, Lemieux-Dudon Benedicte12, Lima Leonardo12, Mao Chongyuan10, Martin Matthew J10, Masina Simona12, Melet Angelique1, Buongiorno Nardelli Bruno8, Nolan Glenn17, Pascual Ananda23, Pistoia Jenny, Palazov Atanas12, 24, Piolle Jean-Francois6, Pujol Marie Isabelle16, Pequignet Anne Christine10, Peneva Elisaveta25, Pérez Gómez Begoña2, Petit De La Villeon LoicORCID6, Pinardi Nadia12, Pisano Andrea8, Pouliquen SylvieORCID6, Reid Rebecca10, Remy Elisabeth1, Santoleri Rosalia8, Siddorn John10, She Jun9, Staneva Joanna4, Stoffelen Ad5, Tonani Marina10, Vandenbulcke Luc20, Von Schuckmann Karina1, Volpe Gianluca8, Wettre Cecilie15, Zacharioudaki Anna26
Affiliation(s) 1 : Mercator Ocean International, Ramonville-Saint-Agne, France
2 : Puertos del Estado, Madrid, Spain
3 : Meteo France, Toulouse, France
4 : Helmholtz Centre for Materials and Coastal Research (HZG), Hamburg, Germany
5 : Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), De Bilt, Netherlands
6 : Ifremer, Brest, France
7 : Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center (NERSC), Bergen, Norway
8 : Italian National Research Council (CNR), Rome, Italy
9 : Danish Meteorological Institute (DMI), Copenhaguen, Denmark
10 : Met Office, Exeter, United Kingdom
11 : LOV, Villefranche-sur-Mer, France
12 : Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change (CMCC), Bologna, Italy
13 : National Institute of Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics (OGS), Trieste, Italy
14 : Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES), Toulouse, France
15 : Met.No, Oslo, Norway
16 : Collecte Localisation Satellites (CLS), Ramonville-Saint-Agne, France
17 : EuroGOOS, Brussels, Belgium
18 : British Antarctic Survey (BAS), Cambridge, United Kingdom
19 : LSCE/IPSL, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
20 : Department of Astrophysics, Geophysics and Oceanography, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium
21 : IRD/Legos, Toulouse, France
22 : Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Helsinki, Finland
23 : Instituto Mediterráneo de Estudios Avanzados (IMEDEA), Esporles, Spain
24 : Institute of Oceanology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (IOBAS), Varna, Bulgaria
25 : Department of Meteorology and Geophysics, University of Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria
26 : Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (HCMR), Athens, Greece
Source Frontiers In Marine Science (2296-7745) (Frontiers Media SA), 2019-05 , Vol. 6 , N. 234 , P. 22p.
DOI 10.3389/fmars.2019.00234
WOS© Times Cited 17
Keyword(s) ocean, observing systems, satellite, in situ, data assimilation, services
Abstract

The Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS) provides regular and systematic reference information on the physical and biogeochemical ocean and sea-ice state for the global ocean and the European regional seas. CMEMS serves a wide range of users (more than 15,000 users are now registered to the service) and applications. Observations are a fundamental pillar of the CMEMS value-added chain that goes from observation to information and users. Observations are used by CMEMS Thematic Assembly Centres (TACs) to derive high-level data products and by CMEMS Monitoring and Forecasting Centres (MFCs) to validate and constrain their global and regional ocean analysis and forecasting systems. This paper presents an overview of CMEMS, its evolution, and how the value of in situ and satellite observations is increased through the generation of high-level products ready to be used by downstream applications and services. The complementary nature of satellite and in situ observations is highlighted. Long-term perspectives for the development of CMEMS are described and implications for the evolution of the in situ and satellite observing systems are outlined. Results from Observing System Evaluations (OSEs) and Observing System Simulation Experiments (OSSEs) illustrate the high dependencies of CMEMS systems on observations. Finally future CMEMS requirements for both satellite and in situ observations are detailed.

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Le Traon Pierre-Yves, Reppucci Antonio, Alvarez Fanjul Enrique, Aouf Lotfi, Behrens Arno, Belmonte Maria, Bentamy Abderrahim, Bertino Laurent, Brando Vittorio Ernesto, Kreiner Matilde Brandt, Benkiran Mounir, Carval Thierry, Ciliberti Stefania A., Claustre Hervé, Clementi Emanuela, Coppini Giovanni, Cossarini Gianpiero, De Alfonso Alonso-Muñoyerro Marta, Delamarche Anne, Dibarboure Gerald, Dinessen Frode, Drevillon Marie, Drillet Yann, Faugere Yannice, Fernández Vicente, Fleming Andrew, Garcia-Hermosa M. Isabel, Sotillo Marcos García, Garric Gilles, Gasparin Florent, Giordan Cedric, Gehlen Marion, Gregoire Marilaure L., Guinehut Stephanie, Hamon Michel, Harris Chris, Hernandez Fabrice, Hinkler Jørgen B., Hoyer Jacob, Karvonen Juha, Kay Susan, King Robert, Lavergne Thomas, Lemieux-Dudon Benedicte, Lima Leonardo, Mao Chongyuan, Martin Matthew J, Masina Simona, Melet Angelique, Buongiorno Nardelli Bruno, Nolan Glenn, Pascual Ananda, Pistoia Jenny, Palazov Atanas, Piolle Jean-Francois, Pujol Marie Isabelle, Pequignet Anne Christine, Peneva Elisaveta, Pérez Gómez Begoña, Petit De La Villeon Loic, Pinardi Nadia, Pisano Andrea, Pouliquen Sylvie, Reid Rebecca, Remy Elisabeth, Santoleri Rosalia, Siddorn John, She Jun, Staneva Joanna, Stoffelen Ad, Tonani Marina, Vandenbulcke Luc, Von Schuckmann Karina, Volpe Gianluca, Wettre Cecilie, Zacharioudaki Anna (2019). From Observation to Information and Users: The Copernicus Marine Service Perspective. Frontiers In Marine Science, 6(234), 22p. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00234 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00498/60983/