Environmental risks associated with contaminants of legacy and emerging concern at European aquaculture areas

Type Article
Date 2019-09
Language English
Author(s) Aminot YannORCID1, 2, Sayfritz Stephen J.3, Thomas Kevin V.3, 4, Godinho Lia5, Botteon Elena6, 7, Ferrari Federico6, Boti Vasiliki8, Albanis Triantafyllos8, Köck-Schulmeyer Marianne9, Diaz-Cruz Silvia9, Farré Marinella9, Barceló Damià9, Marques António5, 10, Readman James W.1, 11
Affiliation(s) 1 : Biogeochemistry Research Centre, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, United Kingdom
2 : IFREMER LBCO, Rue de l’Ile d’Yeu, BP 21105, 44311, Nantes, Cedex 3, France
3 : Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA), Gaustadalléen 21, 0349, Oslo, Norway
4 : QAEHS, Queensland Alliance for Environmental Health Science, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
5 : Division of Aquaculture and Upgrading (DivAV), Portuguese Institute for the Sea and Atmosphere (IPMA, I.P.), Avenida de Brasília, 1449-006, Lisbon, Portugal
6 : Aeiforia Srl, Località Faggiola 12-16, 29027, Gariga, Podenzano, PC, Italy
7 : Di.S.T.A.S., Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Piacenza, Italy
8 : Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Ioannina, Panepistimioupolis, 45110, Ioannina, Greece
9 : Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, Department of Environmental Chemistry (IDAEA-CSIC), Jordi Girona, 18, 08034, Barcelona, Spain
10 : Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research (CIIMAR), University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
11 : Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Prospect Place, the Hoe, Plymouth, PL1 3DH, United Kingdom
Source Environmental Pollution (0269-7491) (Elsevier BV), 2019-09 , Vol. 252 , N. Part.B , P. 1301-1310
DOI 10.1016/j.envpol.2019.05.133
WOS© Times Cited 5
Keyword(s) Aquaculture, Contaminants of legacy and emerging concern, Personal care products, Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances
Abstract

The contamination of marine ecosystems by contaminants of emerging concern such as personal care products or per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances is of increasing concern. This work assessed the concentrations of selected contaminants of emerging concern in water and sediment of European aquaculture areas, to evaluate their co-variation with legacy contaminants (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) and faecal biomarkers, and estimate the risks associated with their occurrence. The 9 study sites were selected in 7 European countries to be representative of the aquaculture activities of their region: 4 sites in the Atlantic Ocean and 5 in the Mediterranean Sea. Musks, UV filters, preservatives, per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons were detected in at least one of the sites with regional differences. While personal care products appear to be the main component of the water contamination, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons were mostly found in sediments. As expected, generally higher levels of personal care products were found in sewage impacted sites, urbanised coasts and estuaries. The risk assessment for water and sediment revealed a potential risk for the local aquatic environment from contaminants of both legacy and emerging concern, with a significant contribution of the UV filter octocrylene. Despite marginal contributions of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances to the total concentrations, PFOS (perfluorooctane sulfonate) aqueous concentrations combined to its low ecotoxicity thresholds produced significant hazard quotients indicating a potential risk to the ecosystems.

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Aminot Yann, Sayfritz Stephen J., Thomas Kevin V., Godinho Lia, Botteon Elena, Ferrari Federico, Boti Vasiliki, Albanis Triantafyllos, Köck-Schulmeyer Marianne, Diaz-Cruz Silvia, Farré Marinella, Barceló Damià, Marques António, Readman James W. (2019). Environmental risks associated with contaminants of legacy and emerging concern at European aquaculture areas. Environmental Pollution, 252(Part.B), 1301-1310. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.05.133 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00500/61172/