The Native Oyster Restoration Alliance (NORA) and the Berlin Oyster Recommendation: bringing back a key ecosystem engineer by developing and supporting best practice in Europe

Type Article
Date 2019-05
Language English
Author(s) Pogoda Bernadette1, Brown Janet2, Hancock Boze3, Preston Joanne4, Pouvreau StephaneORCID5, Kamermans Pauline6, Sanderson William7, 8, von Nordheim Henning9
Affiliation(s) 1 : Alfred-Wegener-Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Am Handelshafen12, 27570 Bremerhaven, Germany
2 : Association of Scottish Shellfish Growers (ASSG), Stirling FK8 2BN, UK
3 : The Nature Conservancy, C/O URI Graduate School of Oceanography, 215 South Ferry Rd., Narragansett, RI 02882, USA
4 : Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth PO4 9LY, UK
5 : Ifremer, Univ Brest, CNRS, IRD, LEMAR, 29840 Argenton en Landunvez, France
6 : Wageningen Marine Research, Wageningen University and Research, PO Box 77, 4400 AB Yerseke, The Netherlands
7 : Centre for Marine Biodiversity & Biotechnology, EGIS, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK
8 : St Abbs Marine Station, St Abbs, Scottish Borders, UK
9 : Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Directorate Marine Nature Conservation, Isle of Vilm, 18581 Putbus, Germany
Source Aquatic Living Resources (0990-7440) (EDP Sciences), 2019-05 , Vol. 32 , P. 13 (9p.)
DOI 10.1051/alr/2019012
WOS© Times Cited 51
Keyword(s) Ostrea edulis, Berlin Oyster Recommendation, biogenic reef, ecosystem service, biodiversity
Abstract

Efforts to restore the native oyster Ostrea edulis and its associated habitats are gaining momentum across Europe. Several projects are currently running or being planned. To maximize the success of these, it is crucial to draw on existing knowledge and experience in order to design, plan and implement restoration activities in a sustainable and constructive approach. For the development of best practice recommendations and to promote multidimensional knowledge and technology exchange, the Native Oyster Restoration Alliance (NORA) was formed by partners from science, technology, nature conservation, consultancies, commercial producers and policy-makers. The NORA network will enhance scientific and practical progress in flat oyster restoration, such as in project planning and permitting, seed oyster production, disease management and monitoring. It also focuses on joint funding opportunities and the potential development of national and international regulatory frameworks. The main motivation behind NORA is to facilitate the restoration of native oyster habitat within its historic biogeographic range in the North Sea and other European seas along with the associated ecosystem services; services such as enhancing biodiversity, including enhanced fish stocks, nutrient cycling and sediment stabilization. NORA members agreed on a set of joint recommendations and strongly advise that any restoration measure should respect and apply these recommendations: The Berlin Oyster Recommendation is presented here. It will help guide the development of the field by developing and applying best practice accordingly. NORA also aims to combine the outreach activities of local projects for improved community support and awareness and to provide educational material to increase knowledge of the key ecological role of this species and increase awareness among regulators, permit providers and stakeholders. A synthesis of O. edulis restoration efforts in Europe is provided and underlines the general significance in the field.

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Pogoda Bernadette, Brown Janet, Hancock Boze, Preston Joanne, Pouvreau Stephane, Kamermans Pauline, Sanderson William, von Nordheim Henning (2019). The Native Oyster Restoration Alliance (NORA) and the Berlin Oyster Recommendation: bringing back a key ecosystem engineer by developing and supporting best practice in Europe. Aquatic Living Resources, 32, 13 (9p.). Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1051/alr/2019012 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00500/61192/