The interplay at the replisome mitigates the impact of oxidative damage on the genetic integrity of hyperthermophilic Archaea
|Author(s)||Killelea Tom3, Palud Adeline1, Akcha Farida2, Lemor Mélanie3, L'Haridon Stephane3, Godfroy Anne1, Henneke Ghislaine1|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Univ Brest, Ifremer, CNRS, Laboratoire de Microbiologie des Environnements Extrêmes, Plouzané, France
2 : Laboratoire d'Ecotoxicologie, Ifremer, Nantes, France
3 : Univ Brest, Ifremer, CNRS, Laboratoire de Microbiologie des Environnements Extrêmes, Plouzané, France
|Source||Elife (2050-084X) (eLife Sciences Publications, Ltd), 2019-06 , Vol. 8 , P. e45320. (20p.)|
|WOS© Times Cited||5|
8-oxodeoxyguanosine (8-oxodG), a major oxidised base modification, has been investigated to study its impact on DNA replication in hyperthermophilic Archaea. Here we show that 8-oxodG is formed in the genome of growing cells, with elevated levels following exposure to oxidative stress. Functional characterisation of cell-free extracts and the DNA polymerisation enzymes, PolB, PolD, and the p41/p46 complex, alone or in the presence of accessory factors (PCNA and RPA) indicates that translesion synthesis occurs under replicative conditions. One of the major polymerisation effects was stalling, but each of the individual proteins could insert and extend past 8-oxodG with differing efficiencies. The introduction of RPA and PCNA influenced PolB and PolD in similar ways, yet provided a cumulative enhancement to the polymerisation performance of p41/p46. Overall, 8-oxodG translesion synthesis was seen to be potentially mutagenic leading to errors that are reminiscent of dA:8-oxodG base pairing.